Patricia Martinez, Ph.D. - Loyola Marymount University. Los Angeles, CA, US

Patricia Martinez, Ph.D. Patricia Martinez, Ph.D.

Associate Professor of Management, College of Business Administration | Loyola Marymount University

Los Angeles, CA, US





Patricia Martinez, Ph.D. Photo




Patricia G. Martinez is an associate professor of management in the College of Business Administration at Loyola Marymount University. Her areas of expertise include topics in organizational behavior and human resource management. Most recently, Dr. Martinez has focused on how employees rely upon human resource practices as signals of the working conditions which employers either implicitly or explicitly promise. Additionally, in the area of employee selection, Dr. Martinez examines whether hiring managers view overqualification as a liability or an asset when making selection decisions.

Education (2)

University of California, Irvine: Ph.D., Management - Organizational Behavior 2002

California State Polytechnic University at Pomona: B.S., Management, Information Systems 1991


Areas of Expertise (5)

Strategic Human Resource Management Paternalism in Employment Relationships and Leadership Styles Social Exchange Behaviors Social Identity Behaviours Citizenship Behaviours

Industry Expertise (3)

Human Resources Education/Learning Management Consulting

Affiliations (7)

  • Management Research
  • Academy of Management
  • Western Academy of Management
  • Iberoamerican Academy of Management
  • National Society of Hispanic MBAs
  • Management Faculty of Color Association (MFCA)
  • The PhD Project

Articles (10)

Creating psychological and legal contracts through human resource practices: A signaling theory perspective
Human Resource Management Review


Despite the surge in research on the psychological contract over the past two decades, there has been little integrative research that has examined psychological contracts in conjunction with legal contracts.

view more

Overqualification, Mismatched Qualification, and Hiring Decisions
Personnel Review


The purpose of this paper is to examine how employers define overqualification and mismatched qualification and whether they are willing to hire applicants whose educational and work experience credentials do not match job requirements.

view more

Overqualified? A Conceptual Model of Managers’ Perceptions of Overqualification in Selection Decisions
Personnel Review Journal Impact Factor & Information


We present a conceptual model for conducting research on how Human Resource and hiring managers form impressions of overqualified individuals and how these impressions affect their treatment of overqualified individuals during selection decisions.

view more

Increasing work flexibility, decreasing organizational investment and employee job attitudes and citizenship behaviors under telecommuting
Loyola Marymount University


This study aims to examine how the amount and type of flexibility in work schedule (flextime) and work location (telecommuting) may be related to receiving fewer training and development opportunities.

view more

Creating Psychological and Legal Contracts Through HRM Practices: A Strength of Signals Perspective
Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal


We integrate the concept of signaling theory to propose that organizations create psychological and legal contracts through their human resource management practices (HRM).

view more

Contingent Employment Relationships Between Tour Guides and Tour Operators in Ecuador: Human Resource Management Practices and Attitudinal Outcomes
Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal


This study examines a unique contingent employment relationship—that between tour guides and tour operators in Ecuador.

view more

On the Same Page: The Value of Paid and Volunteer Leaders Sharing Mental Models in Churches
Nonprofit Management & Leadership


We examine the idea that mental models shared among paid and volunteer leaders are associated with improved financial performance in nonprofit organizations. Our empirical analysis of thirty-seven churches yields evidence that organizations are more effective if paid and volunteer leaders have a shared task mental model—that is, if they report similar conceptualizations of organizational goals and decision-making processes. These findings suggest that the extent of leaders' agreement on organizational goals and the processes of how decisions are made matter for organizational performance. We argue that it is as important to ensure that everyone is on the same page with regard to goals and how decisions are made as it is to have the “right” goals or right decision processes in place. Implications for practice and future research on shared mental models are discussed.

view more

Predictors of employment & labor law knowledge among diverse employee populations
Business Journal of Hispanic Research


We conducted a study of the explanatory value of demo- graphic predictors for levels of employment law knowledge within the context of the diverse U.S. Hispanic population. Although research suggests that many individuals in the United States do not have an accurate knowledge of employment laws that affect their everyday work environment, these studies generally fail to examine what factors may account for individuals’ level of knowledge of employment law.

view more

Paternalism as a positive form of leadership in the Latin American context: Leader benevolence, decision-making control and human resources management practices.
Managing Human Resources in Latin America


The objective of this chapter is to examine the contributions of paternalism for analyses of leadership and HRM practices in the Latin American context. In previous research (Martinez, 2003) I conducted a literature review and an initial analysis of semi-structured interviews of Latin American organizational leaders to develop an organization-based definition of paternalism. Here, I specifically examine how paternalism, Latin American studies, and the interview data illustrate the historical and cultural influences upon HRM practices.

view more

Paternalism as a positive form of leader-subordinate exchange: Evidence from México
Management Research, The Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management


Despite its persistence as a form of leadership, paternalism has received limited attention within organizational studies. In order to develop a construct definition of paternalism in a contemporary organizational context for this study, a literature review of paternalism is synthesized with qualitative field data collected in Mexican organizations and U.S. organizations that are owned and operated by Mexican immigrants. This analysis is conducted within a framework of leadership, and it suggests that paternalism combines paternalists’ benevolent acts with their subtle control over subordinates’ flexibility in meeting employment terms. Leaders express benevolence through their supportiveness and by providing for employees’ welfare both within the organization and their personal needs outside of the organization. Furthermore, both paternalistic leaders and subordinates frame their relationships in terms of social exchange, offering new insights into the dynamics within these exchange relationships.

view more

Contact Patricia Martinez, Ph.D.