hero image
Andrew Janusz - University of Florida. Gainesville, FL, US

Andrew Janusz

Assistant Professor | University of Florida

Gainesville, FL, UNITED STATES

Andrew Janusz is an expert on elections, political behavior and racial identity in Latin America; particularly in Brazilian politics.


Andrew Janusz is an assistant professor in the department of political science at the University of Florida. Andrew's research focuses on racial identity, political behavior and representation in Latin America. In Andrew's current book project, he explores patterns of racial identification among Brazilian politicians, investigates barriers to Afro-Brazilian electoral success and examines how the descriptive underrepresentation of Afro-descendants in Brazil's political arena influence policy outcomes.

Areas of Expertise (3)

Brazilian Politics and Elections

Political Representation in Latin America

Race and Ethnic Politics

Media Appearances (4)

Why did thousands of Brazilian politicians change their race?

CNN  online


Last year, more than 43,400 politicians in Brazil declared themselves to be a different race than in previous election years. Since 2014, Brazil has required electoral candidates to declare their “color/race,” picking from among “Black,” “White,” “Brown,” “Yellow,” and “Indigenous.”

view more

Thousands of Brazilians who won elections as Black candidates in 2020 previously ran for office as white

The Conversation  online


Brazil is undergoing a strange racial reckoning after bombshell revelations that thousands of veteran politicians had changed their self-identified race between the 2016 and 2020 elections.

view more

Thousands of Brazilian candidates 'switched' racial identities this year

The Washington Post  online


Aspiring politicians in Brazil’s local elections last month sought all possible advantages. They donned costumes and produced ads with catchy jingles. Some even dropped their own name for a more recognizable moniker.

view more

Perfil médio do candidato nas eleições é homem, negro, casado e com ensino médio

G1  online


Homem, negro, casado, com 46 anos e ensino médio completo. Esse é o perfil médio dos candidatos que disputam as eleições deste ano. Esta é a primeira vez desde 2014, quando o Tribunal Superior Eleitoral (TSE) começou a coletar dados de raça, em que o candidato médio é negro. Nas eleições anteriores, a cor de pele mais comum era a branca.

view more


Articles (3)

Candidate Advertisements and Afro-Brazilian Political Marginalization

Latin American Research Review

Andrew Janusz and Luiz Augusto Campos


Television is an important political tool in Latin America. In recognition of its ability to shape public opinion and influence political behavior, Brazilian electoral authorities provide political parties with free television airtime in the weeks preceding elections. While Brazil’s publicly financed electoral program levels the playing field between parties, it may contribute to intraparty resource disparities.

view more

Candidate Race and Campaign Resources in Brazilian Mayoral Elections

Political Research Quarterly

Andrew Janusz


Elected officials routinely do not reflect the racial diversity of the citizenry. In Latin America, these descriptive gaps are particularly pronounced. A growing number of studies investigate the causes of racial disparities in representation, however, extant research largely focuses on national assemblies. In this paper, I extend this well-trod line of research to an understudied context, local elections.

view more

Electoral incentives and elite racial identification: Why Brazilian politicians change their race

Electoral Studies

Andrew Janusz


Scholars recognize that individuals change how they racially identify themselves over time and even from situation to situation. Politicians, however, are typically presumed to have stable, innate racial identities. In this article, I contend that politicians strategically change their self-professed race in response to electoral incentives.

view more





Headshot loading image