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Andrew Palmer, Ph.D. - Florida Tech. Melbourne, FL, US

Andrew Palmer, Ph.D.

Associate Professor | Ocean Engineering and Marine Sciences | Florida Tech


Dr. Palmer's research interests include eavesdropping on bacterial 'conversations', Martian farming, and cell wall fragment-based signaling.


Areas of Expertise (7)


Ocean Engineering


Molecular Biology


Chemical Engineering

Marine Sciences


“Science at the interface of chemistry and biology” is the driving theme of the research in Dr. Andrew Palmer’s lab.

Whether it is developing a plan for growing food on a future Mars colony, deciphering the chemical signals exchanged between living things, or developing new tools to regulate bacterial virulence, his research is at the intersection of the natural sciences. His students are as likely to be in the greenhouse as they are peering under a microscope or sitting in front of a mass spectrometer.

A Florida native, Dr. Palmer grew up in St. Augustine. He received an A.S. from Tallahassee Community College, a B.A. from Florida State University in biochemistry, and a Ph.D. in biomolecular chemistry from Emory University. He then did a National Institutes of Health postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

His teaching style reflects his interdisciplinary research program: using the solid foundation of chemistry and physics his students develop to explain concepts of biology. Class discussion and developing communication skills are also key elements of his courses. His hobbies include cooking, home brewing and making coffee.

Research Focus (4)

Eavesdropping on bacterial 'conversations'

Numerous species of bacteria coordinate their behaviors based on population density, a phenomenon known as quorum sensing (QS). QS behaviors include antibiotic resistance, the production of biofilm 'plaques', and the production of virulence factors that can digest the tissues of propsective host organisms. Not surprinsgly, plants and animals have evolved to detect the signals that modulate QS. Using a plant Arabidopsis thaliana and an algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as hosts, we are investigating these detection and response pathways.

Cell wall fragment-based signaling

The production of reactive oxygen species like hydrogen peroxide can oxidize phenolics associated with the cell walls of plants to active signaling molecules in a process known as semagenesis. Semagenesis may have substnatial roles in plant growth, defense, and interorganismal communication. Combining elements of biology and chemistry we have begun to monitor these reactions in real-time at the sites on plant tissues where they occur. We are also mapping the molecular response network associated with these signals.

Inducible competition in plants

Plants display distinct growth responses not only to the presence of different species, but also to members of the same and different subspecies. Such complex social behaviors enhance our appreciation of the complexity of plants and is crucial to understanding the interplay between resource competition and plant growth. By bringing together elements of molecular biology, analytical chemistry, and confocal microscopy we are elucidating this complex plant-plant signaling event.


As manned space exploration extends further from Earth, the continuous shipment of goods will become prohibitively expensive and failed shipments may have lethal consequences. One approach for limiting both initial as well as sustained mission costs is through the implementation of strict in situ resource utilization (ISRU) requirements. ISRU focuses on the extraction and exploitation of existing resources at the colony site. With NASA’s 2040 Mars deadline on the horizon, ISRU research will deliver sustainable, economically viable solutions for these future colonists and a blueprint for future manned ventures into the cosmos.

Media Assets




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Introducing the Heinz Marz Edition HEINZ MARZ EDITION


Media Appearances (5)

Florida Tech and Heinz grow space tomatoes for ketchup

Tampa Bay Times  


With the help of 14 graduate and undergraduate students, Andrew Palmer, associate professor of biological sciences at Florida Tech, grew 450 tomato plants in regolith, the loose unconsolidated rock and dust that cover planets like Mars.

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Heinz serves up ketchup made from "Martian" tomatoes

New Atlas  


Thanks to a pilot project by Heinz and a team of researchers led by Andrew Palmer at the Florida Institute of Technology, when astronauts set up outposts on Mars they may be able to make their own ketchup using locally grown tomatoes.

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Heinz ‘Marz Edition’ Ketchup Made Possible by Florida Tech Science

Florida Tech News  


The end result of a two-year collaboration with Heinz (thus the “z” in Mars) and associate professor of biological sciences Andrew Palmer at Florida Tech’s Aldrin Space Institute, this unique prototype condiment is more than a novelty. With one paper submitted for peer review and others to come, it represents the results of one of the largest and longest explorations of the challenges and opportunities for food production on the Red Planet – and closer to home.

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Farming on Mars will be a lot harder than ‘The Martian’ made it seem

The Washington Post  


Biochemist Andrew Palmer and colleagues at the Florida Institute of Technology in Melbourne planted lettuce and A. thaliana seeds in imitation Mars dirt under controlled lighting and temperature indoors, just as astronauts would on Mars. The plants were cultivated at 22 Celsius and about 70 percent humidity.

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Researchers Are Creating Martian Life on Earth

Florida Tech News  


Dr. Andrew Palmer, assistant professor of biological sciences, and Dr. Brooke Wheeler, assistant professor in the College of Aeronautics, worked together to design and plan RADISH. Preliminary research started over the summer with a variety of lettuce plants grown in regular potting soil, regolith simulant and simulant with added nutrients. These trays of lettuce were grown in a chamber in a controlled lighting and temperature setting. Since the first lettuce planting over the summer, they have since added peas, tomatoes and peppers, as well as a second chamber.

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Education (2)

Emory University: Ph.D., Biological Chemistry 2008

Florida State University: B.S., Biochemistry 2001


Selected Articles (5)

Biomass allocation in response to accession recognition in Arabidopsis thaliana depends on nutrient availability and plant age

Plant Signaling & Behavior


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Identification of Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria Within Space Crop Production Systems

Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Science


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Challenging the agricultural viability of martian regolith simulants



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β-Cyclodextrin Encapsulation of Synthetic AHLs: Drug Delivery Implications and Quorum-Quenching Exploits



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Quorum Sensing Behavior in the Model Unicellular Eukaryote Chlamydomonas reinhardtii



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Languages (1)

  • French