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Brian White - The University of Texas at Austin, McCombs School of Business. Austin, TX, US

Brian White Brian White

Assistant Professor | The University of Texas at Austin, McCombs School of Business

Austin, TX, UNITED STATES

Understanding judgment and decision-making in the world of accounting

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Areas of Expertise (3)

Managerial Accounting Financial Accounting Behavioral Research

Biography

Brian White is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Accounting. He teaches Financial Statement Analysis in the MBA, MPA and BBA programs. White's research focuses on judgment and decision-making in financial and managerial accounting. His recent work uses psychological theories and MRI evidence to explain why human beings don’t always make the rational decisions that classical economics expects of them. Prior to pursuing an academic career, Brian spent ten years as co-owner and finance director for a privately-held chain of retail stores based in Liverpool, England.

Education (4)

University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign: PhD, Accountancy 2012

Manchester Business School, University of Manchester: MBA, Business Administration 2002

Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh: Master of Science, African Studies 1997

Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University: Bachelor of Science, Foreign Service 1995

Articles (8)

Financial Incentives Differentially Regulate Neural Processing of Positive and Negative Emotional Biases During Decision-Making Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

2018-02-13

In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we evaluated how fixed wage (FW) incentives and performance-based (PB) financial incentives, in which pay is proportional to outcome, differentially regulate positive and negative emotional reactions to hypothetical colleagues that conflicted with the economics of available alternatives.

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When Managers Make Emotional Business Decisions Strategic Finance

2017-09-01

In our two-part study, we looked at managers’ investment decisions when their emotional reactions conflicted with the economics of their choices—that is, when the best choice from the company’s perspective is to select an investment that goes against a manager’s emotions. The goal was to learn about the costs to companies when managers automatically rely on their emotional reactions when making decisions and to learn whether compensating managers based on the outcome of their choices—through performance-based incentives—could reduce these costs.

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Example-Based Reasoning and Fact-Weighting Guidance in Accounting Standards Contemporary Accounting Research

2017-01-01

The provision of examples as implementation guidance is pervasive in accounting standards. Prior research has established that preparers engage in “example‐based reasoning,” a tendency to favor the accounting treatment in an example, even when the example does not exactly match the transaction at hand. In this paper, we investigate whether fact‐weighting guidance counteracts this tendency.

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How Do Experienced Users Evaluate Hybrid Financial Instruments? Journal of Accounting Research

2016-12-01

In this paper, we experimentally test whether the features of hybrid instruments affect the credit‐related judgments of experienced finance professionals, even when the hybrid instruments are already classified as liabilities or equity.

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Earnings Metrics, Information Processing, and Price Efficiency in Laboratory Markets Journal of Accounting Research

2015-06-01

An enduring issue in financial reporting is whether and how salient summary measures of firm performance ('earnings metrics') affect market price efficiency. In laboratory markets, we test the effects of salient earnings metrics, which vary in how they combine persistent and transitory elements, on investor information search, beliefs about value, offers to trade, and market price efficiency. We find that including transitory elements in salient earnings metrics causes traders to search unnecessarily for further information about these elements and to overestimate their effect on fundamental value relative to a rational benchmark.

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Does Concrete Language in Disclosures Increase Willingness to Invest? Review of Accounting Studies

2015-06-01

As part of its push for more plain English in disclosures, the SEC argues that firms should use more concrete language to make abstract concepts clearer to investors.

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The Effect of Performance-Based Incentive Contracts on System 1 and System 2 Processing in Affective Decision Contexts: fMRI and Behavioral Evidence The Accounting Review

2014-11-01

While economic theory prescribes performance-based incentives to align goals and induce effort, psychology theory suggests that the salience of emotions is difficult to overcome without also inducing more deliberate consideration of both emotional and economic factors (“System 2 processing”). We link these perspectives by investigating whether performance-based incentives mitigate the costly influence of emotion by inducing more System 2 processing.

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The Unintended Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility Performance on Investors' Estimates of Fundamental Value The Accounting Review

2014-01-01

We provide theory and experimental evidence consistent with an unintended, causal relation between Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) performance and investors' estimates of fundamental value that can be attenuated by investors' explicit assessment of CSR performance.

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