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Chiyoko Kobayashi Frank, PhD - Fielding Graduate University. Santa Barbara, CA, US

Chiyoko Kobayashi Frank, PhD Chiyoko Kobayashi Frank, PhD

Adjunct Faculty - School of Psychology | Fielding Graduate University

Santa Barbara, CA, UNITED STATES

Cognitive, Affective and Social Neuroscience; Language and Theory of mind; Translational Neuroscience Research; Neuro-cognitive therapy



Chiyoko Kobayashi Frank, PhD Publication







Chiyoko Kobayashi Frank, PhD, is a Psychologist for Center for Cognition and Communication, New York, NY. Dr. Frank is an adjunct faculty member in the School of Psychology at Fielding Graduate University.

Industry Expertise (4)

Education/Learning Mental Health Care Research Training and Development

Areas of Expertise (3)

Neuro-cognitive therapy Theories of Mind Cognitive, Affective, and Social Neuroscience

Education (3)

Cornell University: PhD, Psychology 2007

Yale University: MS, Psychology 2001

Clark University: BA, Psychology 1999

Affiliations (1)

  • American Psychological Association : Member

Media Appearances (2)

BCTR welcomes visiting fellow Dr. Chiyoko Kobayashi Frank

Cornell University  online

(October, 2012) The Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research is hosting Chiyoko Kobayashi Frank, Ph.D. as a Visiting Fellow (October 1, 2012 – September 30, 2013). Dr. Frank will collaborate with Dr. Barbara Ganzel, a faculty affiliate of the Bronfenbrenner Center, and be housed in Dr. Ganzel’s Lifespan Affective Neuroscience Lab - which is presently in G88 Martha Van Rensselaer Hall...

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Mind over language

(2008) Nature News, reported by Kerri Smith  online

Other, more sophisticated processes have also been found to be influenced by language. In a recent study published in the journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Chiyoko Kobayashi of Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, and colleagues suggest that even a concept as complex as 'theory of mind' — a concept that involves understanding how other people think — is influenced by the language a person speaks.

Kobayashi studied bilingual subjects' ability to solve tasks involving this faculty — for example, reading a story and answering questions about what the characters involved think has happened. For example, if a marble is put in a jar while a character called Alice is present, and someone then removes the marble while Alice is out of the room, what would various characters in the story say about where Alice thinks the marble is?

When Japanese–English bilingual subjects solved tasks involving this faculty, different patterns of brain activation occurred depending on the language they were using. Overall, there was greater activity when they solved tasks in Japanese than in English. "Japanese people use more nonverbal and indirect communication than Americans," says Kobayashi. This could be at the root of the difference.

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Event Appearances (1)

Pragmatic Hypothesis of Theory of Mind: Clinical Implications for Traumatic Brain Injury

(2017) Of mice and mental health: facilitating dialogue between basic and clinical neuroscientists  The Royal Society, London, United Kingdom

Articles (5)

Sex differences in the neural basis of false-belief and pragmatic language comprehension NeuroImage


Increasing research evidence suggests that women are more advanced than men in pragmatic language comprehension and Theory of Mind (ToM), which is a cognitive component of empathy.

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Theory of Mind and bilingual cognition Language and Bilingual Cognition

(2011) Possession of a "Theory of Mind" (ToM) permits us to reason about the mental states of others - their beliefs, desires, and intentions - and to understand and anticipate how these can differ from our own and from reality...

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Cultural effects on the neural basis of theory of mind Progress in Brain Research

(2009) “Theory of mind” has been described as the ability to attribute and understand other people's desires and intentions as distinct from one's own. It has been found to develop as early as between 3 and 4 years old, with precursor abilities possibly developing much ...

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Children's and adults' neural bases of verbal and nonverbal 'theory of mind' Neuropsychologia

(2007) Theory of mind (ToM)–our ability to predict behaviors of others in terms of their underlying intentions–has been examined through verbal and nonverbal false-belief (FB) tasks. Previous brain imaging studies of ToM in adults have implicated medial prefrontal cortex...

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Cultural and linguistic influence on neural bases of 'Theory of Mind': An fMRI study with Japanese bilinguals Brain and Language

(2006) Theory of mind (ToM)—our ability to predict behaviors of others in terms of their underlying intentions—has been thought to be universal and invariant across different cultures. However, several ToM studies conducted outside the Anglo-American cultural or linguistic ...

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