My research explores race, activism, grassroots politics and the historical connections among race, rights and citizenship. I am available to consult about Americans' long history of debates over rights and inclusion. I have published about antislavery and antiracist activism in the present day Midwest. I now examine how people limited rights on the basis of race in early 19th century California and the California "Black Laws."
I focus on citizenship claims and rights activism among California African Americans from 1821-1870, and I analyze and re-evaluate 19th century debates between the state and California African Americans over citizenship’s meanings.
Industry Expertise (3)
Areas of Expertise (17)
University of California, San Diego: BA, History (Honors) and Women's Studies
Magna Cum Laude
Northwestern University: MA, History (United States)
Northwestern University: PhD, History (United States)
Certificate in Gender Studies
- Member of the Graduate Faculty, WLU