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Dr. John Bahadur  Lamb - Birmingham City University. Birmingham, , GB

Dr. John Bahadur Lamb Dr. John Bahadur  Lamb

Lecturer in Criminology and Security Studies and Admissions Tutor | Birmingham City University


Dr. Bahadur Lamb regularly consults with both the military and police on issues concerning terrorism and counter terrorism.


John has been a member of staff at Birmingham City University since 2010, first in a part time capacity and then full time from January 2013. In 2014, he was nominated for Extra Mile awards at Birmingham City University for his teaching in the categories 'Engaging and Inspiring Tutor of the Year' and 'Personal Tutor of the Year'. He made it into the final nine individuals for the second nomination.


Areas of Expertise (4)

Sexual Deviance

Counter Terrorism

Policing and Intelligence


Accomplishments (1)

Institute of Leadership and Management

Level 3 Award in Managing

Education (5)

Birmingham City University: Ph.D., Counter-Terrorism (Criminology)

Birmingham City University: Postgraduate Certificate, Research Methods, Merit

Birmingham City University: Postgraduate Certificate, Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, Merit

University of Leicester: M.Sc., Terrorism, Security and Policing, Merit

University of Kent: B.A. (Hons), History, 2:1

Affiliations (4)

  • Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
  • Governing Board Member of the Society for Terrorism Research
  • Member of the Special Operations Research Association
  • Editorial Board Member of Behavioural Sciences of Terrorism and Political Violence

Selected Media Appearances (3)

Thieves Target Cash Machines In 'Smash-And-Grab' Raids Because Of Lower Prison Sentences

HuffPost UK  


Dr John Bahadur Lamb, lecturer in Criminology and Security Studies at Birmingham City University, said today’s cashless society makes it harder for criminals to get hold of useable hard currency. He said: “One of the biggest problems ATM robbers face is disposing of the machine itself and that’s why they will often use a fork-lift truck and use its forks to pierce the ATM in situ rather than having to take it away with them. “The simple fact is that the chances are high they will have made a lot of noise and mess and in the process left a lot of forensic evidence.”

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Fingerprints and DNA of up to 800 terror suspects destroyed because of errors by spies and the police

The Telegraph  


Dr John Bahadur Lamb, Lecturer in Criminology and Security Studies at Birmingham City University, added: “Such an oversight is a glaring error and will inevitably lead to a wholesale review of the processes in place." “The removal of these profiles significantly weakens the UK’s security as it stops the police being able to quickly compare evidence against known individuals.

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The Dangers of Shooting to Wound

The Media Line  


This is the sort of scenario that might not surprise police chiefs in Europe and North America, who generally view shooting to wound as a dangerous practice. “Shooting to wound is 100% discouraged or is not how (British) armed officers are trained, which is to shoot to stop (and) to aim at the torso, the center of mass,” John Bahadur Lamb, a doctor in criminology and security studies at Birmingham City University, told The Media Line. Aiming for an arm or a leg is not particularly easy as they are far smaller and faster moving targets than a person’s torso, increasing the chance of a miss-shot, Lamb explained, adding that adrenaline and physical exertion in the shooter would further decrease accuracy. Missing the target not only risks killing the suspect when the intention is only to wound, but also risks striking other people who are in the vicinity.

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Selected Articles (3)

Cyber war has arrived?

Special Operations Journal

John Bahadur Lamb

2018 Immediately after the 9/11 attacks America readied itself to strike back against those it knew to be responsible. After failed diplomatic attempts to get the fundamentalist Taliban government of Mullah Omar to hand over bin Laden, a joint UK/USA invasion of Afghanistan was launched. However, unlike previous invasions, this campaign would not use large-scale deployments of troops but instead would make use of approximately 300 Special Forces operatives supporting intelligence agency staff. This paper argues that conducting an invasion in this way matches the theory of cyberwar proposed by Arquilla and Rondfelt (1993).

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Gendered counter terrorism? The potential impact of police officer perceptions of PREVENT policing

Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression

John Bahadur Lamb

2014 In July 2006, the UK Government published its counter-terrorism strategy known as CONTEST, with the aim to reduce the risk to the UK and its interests overseas from terrorism. The document has evolved through two updated versions [Home Office. (2009). Pursue, prevent, protect, prepare: The United Kingdom's strategy for countering terrorism. London: HMSO; Home Office. (2011). CONTEST: The United Kingdom's strategy for countering terrorism. London: Home Office] and outlines four work streams or strands, in which each outlines a specific element of counter-terrorism policy in the UK. These work streams are: PURSUE, which seeks to catch terrorists; PREPARE, which builds resilience to attacks; PROTECT, which hardens potential targets and PREVENT, which seeks to stop people becoming or supporting terrorists. This paper focuses on the PREVENT stream and explores the possible gendering of the role undertaken by police officers tasked with implementing PREVENT in the West Midlands. As part of this exploration, findings are presented, which enable the article to argue that the skill set PREVENT policing requires the officers tasked with its use to have and encourages the officers to assign a ‘gender’ to the role. Exactly how this ‘gender’ is assigned, what the ‘gender’ of PREVENT is thought to be by the officers and how these impacts on the implementation of PREVENT are then discussed.

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Light and dark: the contrasting approaches of British counter terrorism

Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism

John Bahadur Lamb

2013 This paper argues that, since its inception in the mid-Victorian period, British counter terrorism has pursued two distinct approaches. These approaches are a ‘light’ counter terrorism consisting of carefully managed publicly visible actions, and a contrasting ‘dark’ counter terrorism which is secret, often violent, and potentially illegal. This paper also argues that despite such differences these approaches have been used in a complementary manner by the British state.

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