Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) Aka. Don Trent Jacobs, PhD - Fielding Graduate University. Sequim, WA, US

Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) Aka. Don Trent Jacobs, PhD Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) Aka. Don Trent Jacobs, PhD

Doctoral Faculty - School of Leadership Studies | Fielding Graduate University

Sequim, WA, US

Contrasting Indigenous ways of knowing with Western ones



Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) Aka. Don Trent Jacobs, PhD Publication Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) Aka. Don Trent Jacobs, PhD Publication Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) Aka. Don Trent Jacobs, PhD Publication Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) Aka. Don Trent Jacobs, PhD Publication Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) Aka. Don Trent Jacobs, PhD Publication Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) Aka. Don Trent Jacobs, PhD Publication Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) Aka. Don Trent Jacobs, PhD Publication Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) Aka. Don Trent Jacobs, PhD Publication Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) Aka. Don Trent Jacobs, PhD Publication






Four Arrows (Wahinkpe Topa) - Don Trent Jacobs is currently a faculty member in the School of Leadership Studies at Fielding Graduate University, which ranked in 2004 as the number one doctoral granting university for American Indians. From 2001 to 2007, he was a tenured Associate Professor at Northern Arizona University. From 1998-2001 he served as Dean of the Education Department at Oglala Lakota College. (OLC is a fully accredited 4-year tribal college on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. ) He holds a PhD in health psychology (CPU) and an EdD in curriculum and instruction (BSU).

In addition to nearly 100 articles in magazines and peer-reviewed journals, he is the author of eighteen books and fourteen invited chapters about such diverse topics as Indigenous worldview; social and ecological justice; wellness; psycholinguistics; critical theory; teaching and learning; and neurophilosophy. In 2010, he published his first novel, Last Song of the Whale. This exciting and suspenseful adventure revolves around the Great Eastern Garbage Patch in the North Pacific Gyre.

Industry Expertise (5)

Education/Learning Environmental Services Political Organization Research Training and Development

Areas of Expertise (5)

Counter-Hegemonic Education Peace and Justice Studies Ecological Justice Indigenous Studies Indigenous Ways of Knowing

Accomplishments (3)

Moral Courage Award (professional)

Awarded by the Martin Springer Institute (2004)

Top 27 Visionary Educators (professional)

Awarded by AERO (2014)

Instrumental Creator of First National Marine Park (professional)

Four Arrows raised $30,000 to help create the first National Marine Park No Take Zone on Mexico's Mainland Pacific Coast, Costa Alegre Santuario Marino Nacional de Arroyo Seco. (September, 2014)

Education (4)

Boise State University: EdD, Curriculum and Instruction

Columbia Pacific University: PhD, Health Psychology

Golden Gate University: MA, Health Care Administration

Southwest Missouri State University: BS, Economics

Affiliations (3)

  • American Indian Congress
  • National Indian Education Association
  • Alternative Education Resource Organization

Media Appearances (3)

Transformative Learning and the Indigenous "Worldview"

The Stringer Independent News  online


Worldwide, diverse Indigenous cultures possess a common “worldview” (IW) that contrasts significantly with that referred to as the “Western worldview.” (WW) One difference between them relates to the main source of authority for life decisions...

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The Heart of Everything That Isn’t: the Untold Story of Anti-Indianism in Drury and Clavin’s Book on Red Cloud

Indian Country  online


I don’t mean for this to be a book review of The Heart of Everything That Is: The Untold Story of Red Cloud. An American Legend. Rather, I intend it to be an indictment of the genre of anti-Indianism it represents. Although it is unlikely that its authors consciously set out to try and prove Western civilization’s superiority over the “barbarous Indians,” they nonetheless follow in the footsteps of those who have tried to do so...

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Four Arrows on "Teaching Truly," We Are Change activist Eric Sayward on "Free Hugs"

American Freedom Radio  online


Four Arrows (Don Trent Jacobs), an education professor at Fielding Graduate University, has a new book out: Teaching Truly: A Curriculum to Indigenize Mainstream Education. It has garnered rave reviews from Noam Chomsky, Thom Hartmann, and Bill McKibben among others...

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Articles (7)

Native Studies, Praxis, and the Public Good Social Studies Curriculum, The: Purposes, Problems, and Possibilities

(2014) I believe it is time to think indigenous and act authentic even at the price of rejection. To disagree with mainstream expectations is to wake up, to understand what is happening, to be of service to a larger whole. You may even begin to work on behalf of our lands, water ...

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“False Doctrine” and the Stifling Of Indigenous Political Will Critical Education

(2014) I hypothesis that there is a correlation between the failure of Indigenous politics to achieve its goals and the sway of what Thomas Paine refers to as the false doctrine of Christian dogma. Unremitting evangelism and Christian hegemony has led to silencing or ...

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Academic Freedom Differing Worldviews in Higher Education

(2011) Walter: Academic freedom is a snare and a delusion. It is evidence of the insolence and gall of some academics. Those who favor it set themselves up for a fall. Why is there only such a thing as “academic freedom,” and no “plumber's freedom,” or “taxi-cab driver's ...

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Review of Telling Stories to Change the World: Global Voices on the Power of Narrative to Build Community and Make Social Justice Claims The Teachers College Record

(2008) The editors of this collection of twenty-three essays from around the world declare that narrative, drama, drawing and other forms of story-telling can help mitigate injustice. The evidence for this declaration and their title's assertion about the “power of narrative to ...

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Preparing teachers of American Indian and Alaska native students Action in Teacher Education

(2002) Too often in the past, Indian education ignored the “Indian voice” and designed to teach Indian children to be discontented with their traditional values. Even today, teacher certification requirements give little if any attention to these values as they relate to cultural ...

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The Authentic Ed.D. Program: Project-Based and Counter-Hegemonic Peter Lang


This first-of-its-kind text explores the Ed.D. program as a crucible for equitable higher education and community leadership. It was inspired in part by the Carnegie Project on the Educational Doctorate (CPED) and, more broadly, by widespread international interest in the power of the Ed.D. as a force for positive social change. The book’s range of cultural contexts and educational perspectives promises new insights and solutions for policy analysts, policy makers, executive administrators, faculty researchers, philanthropists, and policy beneficiaries.

In contrast to the traditional Ph.D., the Ed.D. typically attracts educational practitioners within school boards, government agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), as well as standalone or internationally linked community associations. The greatest attraction of the Ed.D. is an assessment strategy that encourages graduate students to incorporate their own cultural and professional contexts into a capstone project instead of producing a classic dissertation.

This book features inclusive language, highlights everyday expressions from minoritized cultures, and clarifies new concepts to accommodate new scholars and English Language Learners. Readers will discover representative research on Ed.D. policy and practice from the United States, Canada, and a sprinkling of other countries. Renowned and emergent researchers represent multiple roles within the Ed.D. education process. Individual chapters contrast historical and contemporary issues, and raise awareness about many complexities and strategies that make the Ed.D. an ideal engine of professional empowerment and social justice leadership.

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Native studies, praxis and the public good State University of New York Press

(September, 2006) Overviews the primary issues teachers face when creating learning experiences for students in social studies.

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