Hannes Baumann studies how fish populations are adapted to environmental variability and how they may therefore cope with unfolding marine climate change, i.e., ocean warming, acidification and oxygen decline. It also includes changes to the marine food web and natural mortality patterns such as fisheries exploitation and selection. He uses experimental, field, and modeling approaches with tools including otolith microstructure and microchemistry, fish physiology, population dynamics, and evolutionary genetics. At the University of Connecticut, he has established the Fisheries Ecology Lab as a leader in experimental research on coastal forage fish such as silversides or sand lances.
Areas of Expertise (5)
Marine Climate Change
Hamburg University: Ph.D, Fisheries Biology 2006
Kiel University: M.S., Fisheries Biology 2002
Media Appearances (5)
UConn seeks to help sturgeons make a comeback to the state
Fox 61 tv
UConn Associate Professor Dr. Hannes Baumann discusses the university raising awareness of wildlife conservation efforts.
For Marine Species, Hidden Divisions Abound
Hakai Magazine online
On land, rivers and mountain ranges can divide species into genetically distinct populations. In the vast expanse of the ocean, where there is seemingly little to stop fish and other sea creatures from going where they please, scientists have long expected marine species to find it easier to mix. But ongoing research shows there’s more than just geographic barriers keeping populations separate, and marine species often have a higher genetic diversity than anticipated. Hannes Baumann, a marine scientist at the University of Connecticut, says that for years the prevailing notion was that species in the ocean didn’t form separate populations. “But the last 20 years has demolished that concept,” he says. “Now everywhere we look we see differentiation.”
Ocean acidification reduces the hatching success of a keystone fish species
A new, experimental study has found that an important forage fish called sand lance is very sensitive to ocean acidification and this could lead to widespread ecosystem impacts by 2100. Sand lance spawn in offshore environments that tend to have stable, low levels of CO2 during the winter, explains lead author Hannes Baumann.
How to Crowdsource: Four Decades of Citizen Scientists in Long Island Sound
Non Profit Quarterly online
Hannes Baumann of the University of Connecticut and his master student, Jacob Snyder, took every recorded measurement from every one of the stored sheets. Baumann writes, “To us, it felt a bit like historians piecing together an ancient manuscript, anxious for the time when the data would finally speak. And then they did...”
The Effects Of Climate Change
Our guests: Hannes Baumann, Ph.D., assistant professor of Marine Sciences, University of Connecticut...
Research Grants (3)
Collaborative research: The genomic underpinnings of local adaptation despite gene flow along a coastal environmental cline
2018 Therkildsen, N. and Baumann, H.
Sensitivity of larval and juvenile sand lance Ammodytes dubius on Stellwagen Bank to predicted ocean warming, acidification, and deoxygenation
Northeast Regional SeaGrant Consortium $300,000
2016 Baumann, H., Wiley, D. Kaufman, L., Valentine, P., and Gallager, S.
Collaborative research: Understanding the effects of acidification and hypoxia within and across generations in a coastal marine fish`
NSF Project $800,000
2016 Baumann, H. and Nye, J.
Contrasting genomic shifts underlie parallel phenotypic evolution in response to fishingScience
2019 Fish populations respond rapidly to fishing pressure. Within a handful of generations, marked phenotypic change can occur—often to smaller body sizes, because it is the big fish that are usually extracted. Therkildsen et al. examined wild ancestor fish lineages and found that polygenic mechanisms underpin this rapid evolutionary capacity (see the Perspective by Jørgensen and Enberg).
Citizen science observations reveal rapid, multi-decadal ecosystem changes in eastern Long Island SoundMarine Environmental Research
2019 Long-term environmental records are among the most valuable assets for understanding the trajectory and consequences of climate change. Here we report on a newly recovered time-series from Project Oceanology, a non-profit ocean science organization serving New England schools (USA) since 1972. As part of its educational mission, Project Oceanology has routinely and consistently recorded water temperature, pH, and oxygen as well as invertebrate and fish abundance in nearshore waters of the Thames River estuary in eastern Long Island Sound (LIS). We digitized these long-term records to test for decadal trends in abiotic and biotic variables including shifts in species abundance, richness, and diversity.
Experimental assessments of marine species sensitivities to ocean acidification and co-stressors: how far have we come?Canadian Journal of Zoology
2019 Experimental studies assessing the potential impacts of ocean acidification on marine organisms have rapidly expanded and produced a wealth of empirical data over the past decade. This perspective examines four key areas of transformative developments in experimental approaches.
Coastal ocean acidification: The other eutrophication problemEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
2014 Increased nutrient loading into estuaries causes the accumulation of algal biomass, and microbial degradation of this organic matter decreases oxygen levels and contributes towards hypoxia. A second, often overlooked consequence of microbial degradation of organic matter is the production of carbon dioxide (CO2) and a lowering of seawater pH.
Hypoxia and acidification have additive and synergistic negative effects on the growth, survival, and metamorphosis of early life stage bivalvesPLOS One
2014 Low oxygen zones in coastal and open ocean ecosystems have expanded in recent decades, a trend that will accelerate with climatic warming. There is growing recognition that low oxygen regions of the ocean are also acidified, a condition that will intensify with rising levels of atmospheric CO2. Presently, however, the concurrent effects of low oxygen and acidification on marine organisms are largely unknown, as most prior studies of marine hypoxia have not considered pH levels.
Offspring sensitivity to ocean acidification changes seasonally in a coastal marine fishInter-Research Science Publisher
2014 Experimental assessments of species vulnerabilities to ocean acidification are rapidly increasing in number, yet the potential for short- and long-term adaptation to high CO2 by contemporary marine organisms remains poorly understood. We used a novel experimental approach that combined bi-weekly sampling of a wild, spawning fish population (Atlantic silverside Menidia menidia) with standardized offspring CO2 exposure experiments and parallel pH monitoring of a coastal ecosystem.
Fukushima-derived radionuclides in the ocean and biota off JapanProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
2012 The Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami of March 11, 2011, resulted in unprecedented radioactivity releases from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plants to the Northwest Pacific Ocean. Results are presented here from an international study of radionuclide contaminants in surface and subsurface waters, as well as in zooplankton and fish, off Japan in June 2011.
Reduced early life growth and survival in a fish in direct response to increased carbon dioxideNature Climate Change
2011 Absorption of anthropogenic carbon dioxide by the world’s oceans is causing mankind’s ‘other CO2 problem’, ocean acidification1. Although this process will challenge marine organisms that synthesize calcareous exoskeletons or shells2,3,4,5,6, it is unclear how it will affect internally calcifying organisms, such as marine fish7. Adult fish tolerate short-term exposures to CO2 levels that exceed those predicted for the next 300 years (∼2,000 ppm; ref. 8), but potential effects of increased CO2 on growth and survival during the early life stages of fish remain poorly understood.