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Patrick Jung, Ph.D. - Milwaukee School of Engineering. Milwaukee, WI, US

Patrick Jung, Ph.D. Patrick Jung, Ph.D.

Professor | Milwaukee School of Engineering


Dr. Patrick Jung's areas of focus include American history, German art history, and anthropology.



Patrick Jung, Ph.D. Publication Patrick Jung, Ph.D. Publication Patrick Jung, Ph.D. Publication Patrick Jung, Ph.D. Publication Patrick Jung, Ph.D. Publication





Education, Licensure and Certification (3)

Ph.D.: American History, Marquette University 1997

M.A.: American History, Marquette University 1992

B.A.: Political Science, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater 1986


Dr. Patrick Jung is a professor in MSOE's Humanities, Social Science, and Communication Department. He is a historian who also teaches courses in art history and cultural anthropology. Jung joined MSOE in 2003 and teaches humanities and social science courses including Freshman Studies I, Russian History, the American Revolution, the American Civil War and Reconstruction, World War II, Art History, German Art History, Culture & Health in Central America, Cultural Anthropology, American Indian Culture, and German History. His German Art History course includes travel to Munich, Germany to visit the city’s many art museums. He also leads students on international service-learning trips to Central America as part of his Culture & Health in Central America course. Jung has authored books on various topics concerning American history (particularly American Indian history) and German art history. He is currently researching the early history of Wisconsin’s Ho-Chunk Indian tribe, the War of 1812 in the upper Mississippi Valley, and German industrial art in the first half of the twentieth century. He also part of a research team that examines the pedagogical preparation of students for international service-learning experiences.

Industry Expertise (2)


Museums and Institutions

Areas of Expertise (4)

American History

German Art History

Cultural Anthropology

American Indian History

Accomplishments (6)

Visiting Research Fellowship, Eccles Centre for American Studies, British Library, London (professional)


The Eccles Centre for American Studies offers fellowships for researchers using the collections of the British Library in London. This fellowship will allow me to research the Haldimand Papers in the British Library, which provide valuable information about Indian-British relations in the western Great Lakes from the 1760s to the 1790s.

Best Book in General History (professional)


Midwest Independent Publishing Association, Minneapolis, Minnesota (for publication of The Misunderstood Mission of Jean Nicolet)

Book of Merit Award (professional)


Wisconsin Historical Society Board of Curators, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin (for publication of The Misunderstood Mission of Jean Nicolet)

Mildred Throne & Charles Aldrich Academic History Award, Honorable Mention (professional)


State Historical Society of Iowa (for publication of Lonely Sentinel: A Military History of Fort Madison, 1808-1813)

Fulbright German Studies Seminar Award (professional)


J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board, Washington, D.C.

Oscar Werwath Distinguished Teacher Award (professional)


Milwaukee School of Engineering

Affiliations (11)

  • American Historical Association (AHA) : Member
  • Organization of American Historians (OAH) : Member
  • Wisconsin Historical Society : Member
  • Milwaukee County Historical Society : Member
  • Phi Alpha Theta, History Honor Society : Member
  • Alpha Sigma Nu, Jesuit Honor Society : Member
  • Friends of the Grohmann Museum : Member
  • Friends of the Golda Meir Library : Member
  • Sheboygan County Historical Research Center: Advisory Committee
  • State Historical Society of Iowa: Member
  • American Society for Ethnohistory: Member

Consulting Experience (3)

Death’s Door Exhibit, Historical Research | Death’s Door Maritime Museum

I provide research support concerning one of the museum’s interpretative placards that detailed the early Native American history of the Door County Peninsula. I worked with the site manager to correct several factual and interpretive errors on one of the placards.

Lake Michigan Shoreline, Historical Research | Preserve Our Parks

I provided research support concerning the Lake Michigan shoreline and its development to a nonprofit organization that seeks to preserve parks and other natural areas for public use. The organization sought to prevent the private development of land along the Lake Michigan shoreline in order to maintain the land for public purposes. I conducted research into the previous use of the land for use in courtroom litigation.

Potawatomi Treaties, Historical Research | Lord Cultural Resources

I provided research concerning the treaties signed by the Potawatomi Indians with the United States and Canadian governments. Lord Cultural Resources hired me to do this work for the Forest County Potawatomi of Wisconsin for a museum display that illustrates and describes all the treaties that the tribe has signed in its history.

Languages (2)

  • English
  • German


Media Appearances (9)

Wisconsin Still has Confederate Monuments

Milwaukee Journal Sentinel  online


The continued existence of Confederate monuments in the United States, even in those states that constituted the Union during the Civil War, has generated a great deal of controversy. In this interview, MSOE professor Patrick Jung discusses the existence of slavery in territorial Wisconsin.

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Interview: Secrets of the Viking Stone

Viking Brothers Entertainment  tv


This interview concerned the authenticity of the Kensington Runestone for a documentary titled The American Runestone produced by Viking Brothers Entertainment of Los Angeles, California (forthcoming).

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Researcher says Jean Nicolet Was a Diplomat, Not Explorer

Fox 11 News  tv


In this interview, MSOE professor Patrick Jung, discusses why the famed story of Jean Nicolet is inaccurate.

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Interview: The Misunderstood Mission of Jean Nicolet: Uncovering the Story of the 1634 Journey

Wisconsin State Journal  print


This interview concerned the publication my book on the French diplomat and explorer Jean Nicolet.

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Interview: The Misunderstood Mission of Jean Nicolet: Uncovering the Story of the 1634 Journey

Wisconsin Public Radio  radio


This interview concerned the publication my book on the French diplomat and explorer Jean Nicolet. The interview aired live on April 2, 2019 on WHAD, Milwaukee, Wisconsin as part of the Larry Meiller Show.

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State of Iowa Honors MSOE Professor



Dr. Patrick J. Jung was honored by the state of Iowa for his article, “Lonely Sentinel: A Military History of Fort Madison, 1808-1813,” which was published in The Annals of Iowa, summer 2016.

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Interview: The Black Hawk War of 1832 and the Battle of Wisconsin Heights

Wisconsin Public Radio  radio


This interview concerned the publication of my two books on the Black Hawk War of 1832 as part of the show Central Time with host Veronica Rueckert. The interview aired later that day, December 4, 2014, on WHA in Madison, Wisconsin.

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Interview: Erich Mercker and Technical Subjects: A Landscape and Industrial Painter in Twentieth-Century Germany

Wisconsin Public Television  tv


This interview concerned the publication of my book on the German painter Erich Mercker on the show University Place Presents with host Norman Gilliland. The interview first aired on January 26, 2015 on WHA-TV, Channel 21 in Madison, Wisconsin.

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MSOE Exhibit Reveals The Industrial Landscapes Of Twentieth-Century Germany



Almost immediately upon its opening, the museum came under fire for including works of the 20th century German landscape painter and industrial artist Erich Mercker, without duly noting Mercker’s involvement with the Nazi party. That controversy set Dr. Patrick Jung on a scholastic quest to find out more about Mercker and other industrial artists working in Germany at the time.

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Event and Speaking Appearances (18)

American Indian Resistance to American Settler Colonialism in the Midwest

Iowa History 101 Series, State Historical Society of Iowa  Des Moines, Iowa (Virtual)


Nazi-Era German Art: What Art Scholars Are Saying Now

Second Saturdays Lecture Series. Organized by the Sheboygan County Historical Research Center  Plymouth, Wisconsin


Nicolet, Marquette, and the Puans: The French and the Native People of the Door Peninsula in the Seventeenth Century

Maritime Speaker Series, Door County Maritime Museum  Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin


The French History of Wisconsin, 1634-1840

Local History Series, Brown County Library  Green Bay, Wisconsin


Why Conspiracy Theories Are Bunk…And Must Be Debunked

Gehra Lecture Series, Department of Humanities, Social Science, and Communication, Milwaukee School of Engineering  Milwaukee, Wisconsin


Hitler’s Forgotten Holocaust: The Soviet Union during World War II

Osher Institute, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee  Milwaukee, Wisconsin


Bondage in the Land of the Free: Slavery in Wisconsin Before the Civil War

Osher Lifelong Learning Institute  Milwaukee, Wisconsin


Misunderstood Mission of Jean Nicolet: Rethinking the 1634 Journey

Second Saturdays Lecture Series, Sheboygan County Historical Research Center  Plymouth, Wisconsin


The French Regime in Wisconsin: A Panel Discussion

Wisconsin Archeological Society Spring Speaker Series  Milwaukee, Wisconsin


Fleur-de-lis over the Badger State: The French History of Wisconsin, 1634-1763

Wisconsin Archaeological Society Spring Speaker Series  Milwaukee, Wisconsin


American Indian History in Northeastern Wisconsin

Rotary Club of Appleton  Appleton, Wisconsin


The Black Hawk War of 1832: Wisconsin’s Last Indian War

Lecture Series  Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee


Ho-Chunk Pre-History, Proto-History, and Ethnogenesis: New Approaches to an Old Problem

Colloquium  American Indian Studies Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison


Red Banks: The Land and Its People

Lecture  Wisconsin Land Trust, Appleton, Wisconsin


Rethinking Nazi Art: What Art Scholars Are Now Saying

Lecture Series  Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee


The Misunderstood Journey of Jean Nicolet

History Sandwiched In Brown Bag Lunch  Wisconsin Historical Museum, Madison, Wisconsin


The Misunderstood Mission of Jean Nicolet: Uncovering the Story of the 1634 Journey

Author Talk  MSOE Walter Schroeder Library


Hidden Propaganda: German Art in the Third Reich

Panel Discussion  Jewish Museum of Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin


Teaching Areas (4)

American History

General survey of American history from late prehistory to the end of the twentieth century. Includes specific courses on the American Revolution and the American Civil War and Reconstruction

German History

General survey of German history from prehistory to the present. Includes a course on the history of World War II.

Art History

General survey of European art history from the Classical Age to the present. Includes a course on German art history from the Renaissance to the twentieth century.

Cultural Anthropology

General survey of cultural anthropology that includes an overview of the concepts used in cultural anthropology and the theoretical frameworks used to interpret culture. Includes specific courses on American Indian cultures and the culture of Central America with an emphasis on health and healthcare.

Research Interests (3)

Indian-White Relations in the North American Great Lakes Region

My research focuses on Indian-White relations in the North American Great Lakes region from the Age of Exploration to the reservation era. I have researched extensively on early French exploration of the Great Lakes as well as various conflicts including the War of 1812, the Winnebago Uprising of 1827, and the Black Hawk War of 1832.

International Service-Learning and Humanitarian Experiences

Along with a research team composed of three other faculty members, I have undertaken an examination of how best to prepare undergraduate students for international service-learning experiences. Currently, my research team is conducting a ten-year longitudinal study of students who have participated in service-learning trips to various countries in Central America. The research team will use the data from this study to develop a curriculum for students who will engage in international service-learning opportunities.

German Art History

My research focuses particularly on twentieth-century German artists who have produced visual depictions of industry and industrial landscapes. I have written a biography of one of the most prominent German industrial artists, Erich Mercker, and I am conducting research on other industrial artists who worked contemporaneously with Mercker. Related to this is my research on Nazi-era art, as the cultural bureaucracy of the Third Reich actively patronized industrial artists in the 1930s and 1940s.

Research Grants (5)

Professional Summer Development Grant

MSOE Development Committee $6,100


The Milwaukee School of Engineering provides grants to faculty members who develop special projects in the summer that benefit the university. I received a $6,100 grant along with three other faculty members to fund a project titled “Academic Value of Student Preparation for Short-Term Humanitarian International Experiences.” This was an IRB-approved research project to examine the effectiveness of coursework for better preparing students for short-term international humanitarian missions.

Theodore and Anna Grollmann Fund

Theodore and Anna Grollmann Fund $3,000


This grant covered the costs to produce a booklet describing the various German artists whose works are part of the collection of the Grohmann Museum in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

International Leadership Initiative

Milwaukee School of Engineering $1,400


The Milwaukee School of Engineering provides grants to faculty, staff, and students who develop new academic programs that include Servant-Leadership and international service-learning opportunities. The total grant received was $1,400 and was used to provide funding for myself and two other faculty members to travel to Honduras in March 2015 with fifty MSOE students to do medical and architectural service work.

Research Grant

State Historical Society of Iowa $1,000


I received a grant to research and write an article for the historical journal Annals of Iowa on the history of Fort Madison, a small army post in present-day Iowa, during the War of 1812.

Committee on Baccalaureate Expansion Grant

University of Wisconsin System $63,165


The University of Wisconsin System provided the Milwaukee School of Engineering a grant to develop a collaborative relationship with Saint Joan Antida High School in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The purpose was to better prepare minority high school women for entering post-secondary education in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). I developed and wrote the proposal, served as the principal grant coordinator, and implemented the collaborative relationship between these two institutions. This program was later integrated in MSOE’s Carter Academy.

Selected Publications (11)

American Indian Resistance to Settler Colonialism in the Western Great Lakes and Upper Mississippi Valley, 1815-1832

Annals of Iowa

Jung, Patrick J.


American Indian resistance to settler colonialism has been extensively examined by historians, but they have generally overlooked forms of anonymous resistance such as rumors and destruction of property. This article presents a new examination of Native resistance through the lens of anonymous forms of resistance.

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Iowa without Borders: Iowa History from European Contact to Statehood

Annals of Iowa

Jung, Patrick J.


This article originated in a panel discussion concerning the 175th anniversary of Iowa statehood. The panel was organized by the Annals of Iowa and the State Historical Society of Iowa at the annual conference of the Midwestern History Association, May 26, 2021. This article explores the recent historiographic trends that scholars should consider when researching the history of pre-statehood Iowa.

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Quantifying Hitler’s Salon: A Statistical Analysis of Subjects at the Great German Art Exhibition, 1937-1944

Humanities Bulletin

Jung, Patrick J.


In recent decades, scholars have reassessed earlier historical interpretations that argued German art produced during the Nazi era was little more than kitsch. This reassessment has occurred in part due to the increased accessibility to the various sources required to thoroughly research Nazi-era art. The availability of the artistic oeuvre of the Third Reich has been enhanced by the 2012 launch of the online database Grosse deutsche Kunstausstellung, 1937-1944. This database makes possible a quantitative analysis of the artworks exhibited at Adolf Hitler’s annual art exhibition, the Grosse deutsche Kunstausstellung (Great German Art Exhibition), from 1937 to 1944. Tabulating the information found in this database indicates that landscapes and related works constituted the dominant subject category. Portraits, nudes, and depictions of animals were also significant, but overtly political art was uncommon. The subjects of Nazi-era art reflected the racial ideology of the Third Reich, but several subject categories remain largely unexamined in this respect. This essay provides statistical evidence that supports many of the scholarly interpretations concerning these subject categories and suggests new directions for future research.

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Assessment of the Value of an Academic Preparation for Short-Term International Humanitarian Missions

IST-Africa 2020 Conference Proceedings

Jung, Patrick J., Carlson-Oehlers, Victoria, and Cohen, Bernard A.


Short-term international humanitarian missions (STIHMs) are an increasingly common phenomenon by which volunteers from developed countries provide aid to residents of less-developed countries. Before conducting a STIHM, participants should learn about the host culture as well as ethical principles that obviate against the development of a savior complex. The authors present the results of a study that examines the effectiveness of an academic preparatory course for undergraduate students who participate in STIHMs. The results demonstrate that such a course ensures participants have a greater knowledge of the host culture, a stronger ethical framework, and more confidence concerning their participation.

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'The Path to Glory is Rough’: The Causes and Course of the Black Hawk War, 1804-1832.

Sheboygan County Historical Research Center

Jung, Patrick J.


American Indian societies in the trans-Appalachian West developed an ideology of resistance to American settler colonialism in the eighteenth century that culminated in the Indian-British alliance during the War of 1812. Leaders such as the Sauk warrior Black Hawk continued this tradition in the decades that followed. While he hoped to retain the Sauk homeland east of the Mississippi River through a peaceful show of force, a series of events in the spring and summer of 1832 resulted the war that bears his name.

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The Misunderstood Mission of Jean Nicolet: Uncovering the Story of the 1634 Journey

Wisconsin Historical Press

Jung, Patrick J.


The story of Jean Nicolet’s 1634 journey to the western Great Lakes rests on a thin evidentiary foundation that forced early historians to proffer erroneous conclusions concerning his westward mission. Later scholars repeated these errors until they were accepted as unequivocal facts. Peeling away these fictions reveals a story that is more interesting and more complicated. Of particular importance to understanding Nicolet is examining the life and career of his superior, Samuel de Champlain, whose diplomatic objectives are crucial to interpreting Nicolet’s journey. Gaining a clearer understanding of Nicolet’s 1634 voyage also provides a window into the protohistory of the Native peoples of the western Great Lakes.

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The Scope of Early Twentieth-Century German Industrial Art: Works in the Grohmann Museum of Art

H-Net: Labor Arts

Jung, Patrick J.


Adolph Menzel's famous painting Eisenwalzerz (Iron-Rolling Mill, 1872-1875) is considered one of the greatest works of German Realism as it sought to depict, in an authentic manner, the difficult and dangerous work of the industrial worker. It also sought to glorify Germany's economic and industrial might. These two themes—authentic depictions of industrial workers, and industry as a symbol of German national strength—are found in many works in the Grohmann Museum. Inspired by Menzel, other German industrial artists such as Josef Jünger, Willy Nus, Fritz Gärtner, Otto Bollhagen, and Erich Mercker continued to produce visual representations of German industry during the first half of the twentieth century. The Grohmann Museum possesses many excellent examples of works by these artists.

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Lonely Sentinel: A Military History of Fort Madison, 1808-1813

Annals of Iowa

Jung, Patrick J.


Fort Madison was the first American fort in upper Mississippi Valley and the site of one of the westernmost battles of the War of 1812. Significantly, it was the only army post in present-day Iowa ever to be attacked by Indians. Scholars who have studied Fort Madison generally agree that its location was its greatest liability. An examination of Fort Madison’s short history reveals the military weaknesses the United States in the upper Mississippi Valley in the era of the War of 1812 and explains the various military setbacks the young republic experienced at the hands of Indian-British alliance during the conflict.

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Toward the Black Hawk War: The Sauk and Fox Indians and the War of 1812

Michigan Historical Review

Jung, Patrick J.


Like most Indian tribes in the Old Northwest, the Sauk and Fox (also known as Meskwaki) allied with the British during the War of 1812. This resulted in the development of ideology of resistance among the two tribes as they contested American settler colonialism in the decades after the conflict. This ideology resulted in the short-lived Winnebago Uprising of 1827, and it remained evident among the Sauks and Foxes as well. Moreover, it prompted the Sauk war leader Black Hawk to resist removal westward in 1832 during the conflict that bears his name.

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Erich Mercker and Technical Subjects: A Landscape and Industrial Artist in Twentieth-Century Germany

MSOE Press

Jung, Patrick J., and Stahnke, Carma M.


Erich Mercker’s life and work as a German artist in the first half of the twentieth century offers a window into two under-researched facets of German art history. First, he was one of a handful of artists who, in the spirit of Adolph Menzel, believed the industrial landscape constituted a subject worthy of artistic representation. Second, the Nazi state patronized many of these artists during the 1930s and 1940s, and this propelled Mercker and other industrial artists to great renown during the era of the Third Reich. A growing body of scholarship argues that Nazi-era art exhibited many modernist attributes, and this included the many pieces of industrial art purchased and commissioned by the Nazi state.

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Black Hawk War (1832)

The Encyclopedia of War

Jung, Patrick J.


The Black Hawk War was the last Indian war fought in Wisconsin and Illinois between May and August 1832. The Sauk warrior Black Hawk led the Indian forces while Brigadier General Henry Atkinson commanded the US forces (which consisted mostly of militia volunteers). The war could have been avoided because Black Hawk did not intend to initiate a conflict. However, the lack of discipline exhibited by the militia brought about an escalation. Throughout the war, Black Hawk's forces were generally outnumbered by the militia and US Army regulars, and this proved decisive.

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