R. Andrew Butters is an Assistant Professor in the department of Business Economics & Public Policy. Before joining the department, he worked as an associate economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. His areas of expertise include industrial organization, applied econometrics, productivity, market integration, demand fluctuations, and economic cycles.
Industry Expertise (3)
Hotels and Resorts
Areas of Expertise (5)
Rising Star Award, International Industrial Organization Conference
Kellogg School of Management Graduate Fellowship
Kellog School of Management, Northwestern University: Ph.D. 2015
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: B.A., Economics 2007
London School of Economics: General Course, Mathematics 2007
Media Appearances (3)
How COVID-19 Is Affecting The Local Economy
Indiana Public Media online
This week, Noon Edition will talk about how COVID-19 is affecting local economies and what to expect as the pandemic continues. Across the country, concerns about financial stability are rising as people shutter themselves in and try to remain in place to avoid contracting and spreading COVID-19.
Manufacturing and Industrial Output Sees Worst Month Since 1946
Courthouse News Service online
“And so I think in terms of how you should maybe take this number and think about what you might expect going forward, I think the consensus of most economists and people that track these sorts of things is that the April number is going to be worse,” Butters said in an interview.
No college football this year? IU, other universities would face nightmare financial scenario
R. Andrew Butters, an assistant professor in the Kelley School of Business’ department of business economics and public policy, said the stimulus package recently passed by Congress is likely to be just the first of a number of such measures in the coming months. “The current stimulus package would be long outlasted” by the time any such measure might be asked for college athletics, Butters said.
Demand Volatility, Adjustment Costs, and Productivity: An Examination of Capacity Utilization in Hotels and AirlinesAmerican Economic Journal: Microeconomics (Forthcoming)
2019 Measures of productivity reveal large differences across producers even within narrowly defined industries. Traditional measures of productivity, however, will associate differences in demand volatility to differences in productivity when adjusting factors of production is costly.
Why Don't Retail Prices Vary Seasonally with Demand?Kelley School of Business Research Paper No. 19-21
2019 A growing literature suggests that uniform pricing in the face of large demand fluctuations represents a substantial deviation from profit maximization -- a puzzle for economists. We show that this need not be the case, through an investigation of quantity and pricing fluctuations at seasonal frequencies.
On Demand Uncertainty in the Newsvendor ModelKelley School of Business Research Paper, Forthcoming
2019 I provide three comparative statics involving the level of demand uncertainty for the newsvendor model, two of which lead to robust predictions. I show that for distributions of demand that are greater in the dispersive order, both the expected (censored) sales and share of inventory sold fall.
The Extent of the Market and Integration Through Factor Markets: Evidence from Wholesale ElectricityKelley School of Business Research Paper No. 17-50
2017 We document the influence of factor markets in determining the extent of the market, by appealing to the Mundell Hypothesis that trade in goods markets and factor markets are substitutes. We confirm this influence using the U.S. wholesale market for electric power.
Forecasting Economic Activity with Mixed Frequency Bayesian VarsCRB of Chicago Working Papers
2016 Mixed frequency Bayesian vector autoregressions (MF-BVARs) allow forecasters to incorporate a large number of mixed frequency indicators into forecasts of economic activity. This paper evaluates the forecast performance of MF-BVARs relative to surveys of professional forecasters and investigates the influence of certain specification choices on this performance. We leverage a novel real-time dataset to conduct an out-of-sample forecasting exercise for U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP). MF-BVARs are shown to provide an attractive alternative to surveys of professional forecasters for forecasting GDP growth. However, certain specification choices such as model size and prior selection can affect their relative performance.
Diagnosing the Financial System: Financial Conditions and Financial StressBiblioGov
2012 We approach the task of monitoring financial stability within a framework that balances the costs and benefits of identifying future crisis-like conditions based on past U.S. financial crises. Our results indicate that the National Financial Conditions Index (NFCI) produced by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago is a highly predictive and robust indicator of financial stress at leading horizons of up to one year, with measures of leverage playing a crucial role in signaling financial imbalances. At longer forecast horizons, we propose an alternative sub-index of the NFCI that captures the relationship between non-financial leverage, financial stress, and economic activity.
Monitoring Financial Stability: A Financial Conditions Index ApproachEconomic Perspectives
2011 Monitoring financial stability requires an understanding of both how traditional and evolving financial markets relate to each other and how they relate to economic conditions. This article describes two new indexes of financial conditions that aim to quantify these relationships.
Gathering Insights on the Forest from the Trees: A New Metric for Financial ConditionsFRB of Chicago
2010 By incorporating the Harvey accumulator into the large approximate dynamic factor framework of Doz et al. (2006), we are able to construct a coincident index of financial conditions from a large unbalanced panel of mixed frequency financial indicators. We relate our financial conditions index, or FCI, to the concept of a "financial crisis" using Markov-switching techniques. After demonstrating the ability of the index to capture "crisis" periods in U.S. financial history, we present several policy-geared threshold rules for the FCI using Receiver Operator Characteristics (ROC) curve analysis.
What is the Relationship between Large Deficits and Inflation in Industrialized Countries?Economic Perspectives
2010 Examining industrialized countries, the authors find that large deficits are not associated with higher inflation contemporaneously, nor are they associated with the emergence of higher inflation in subsequent years. This finding suggests that countries that can afford large deficits have built solid reputations and institutions supporting a sound monetary policy and the reversion to a stable fiscal regime.