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Raymond Hawkins, PhD - Fielding Graduate University. Austin, TX, US

Raymond Hawkins, PhD Raymond Hawkins, PhD

Doctoral Faculty - Clinical Psychology | Fielding Graduate University


Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy; theories of personality; developmental bases of behavior; cognitive-behavioral interventions; addiction






Cinema 41 Presents Dr. Raymond Hawkins After COMING APART




Raymond Hawkins, PhD has been engaged in clinical health psychology and research for over 40 years, beginning in his doctoral studies in the Human Feeding Laboratory of Dr. Eliot Stellar and Dr. Albert Stunkard at the University of Pennsylvania. He has conducted research on binge eating disorder in obese and normal weight individuals, and has conducted cognitive-behavioral group and individual treatment for this population. Dr. Hawkins also was a co-founder of the Austin Stress Clinic, where his specialty was habit control with adjunctive clinical biofeedback training. A staff psychologist at Austin Regional Clinic Mental Health Associates (subsequently Integrated Mental Health Service) for 22 years, Dr. Hawkins developed a clinical biofeedback service for treating stress and pain disorders and also the Family Recovery Program, which was an outpatient treatment program for substance abuse patients. Since 1975, he has conducted clinical health psychology research as a faculty member of the Psychology Dept. at The University of Texas at Austin (now an adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor); and since 2004 as a Core Faculty member in the Clinical Psychology Program at Fielding Graduate University, where he continues to research binge eating disorder and obesity. His research includes a 38 year follow-up of families who participated in his longitudinal study of the growth and caregiver-infant feeding interactions of bottle-fed infants born to normal weight and obese parents. His other research projects include studying evidence based assessment and interventions in two practice research networks (in the UT Austin Clinical Psychology Training Clinic and the Fielding Training Clinic at New Life Institute, which he directs), and revising the scoring of traditional personality tests (including the Holtzman Inkblot Technique and Thematic Apperception Test) and computer text analysis of dreams for case conceptualization and treatment outcome prediction.

Industry Expertise (4)


Mental Health Care


Training and Development

Areas of Expertise (12)

Theories of Personality

Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy

Addictive Behaviors

Neurocognitive Markers

Outcome Effectiveness Evaluation

Practice Research Networks

Psychotherapy Treatment

Developmental Bases of Behavior

Psychotherapy Process and Research


Cognitive - Behavioral Interventions

Health Psychology

Accomplishments (6)

Diplomate (professional)

(1999) Conferred by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP)

Fellowship (professional)

(1999) Conferred by the Academy of Clinical Psychology

Teaching Excellence Award (Honorable Mention) (professional)

(1994) Awarded by the Graduate School of Social Work at The University of Texas at Austin

Diplomate (professional)

(1993-Inactive) Conferred by The American Academy of Psychologists Treating Addiction, Certificate #21

Top 10% of Faculty (personal)

(1982) Awarded by the College of Liberal Arts at The University of Texas at Austin, nominated by graduating seniors

Golden Apple Teaching Excellence Award, Honorable Mention (Finalist) (professional)

(1978) Awarded by the College of Social & Behavioral Sciences at The University of Texas at Austin

Education (4)

University of Pennsylvania (APA Approved): PhD, Clinical Psychology 1975

Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute: Internship, Clinical Psychology 1975

University of Pennsylvania: MA, Clinical Psychology 1974

Brown University: AB (Hons.), Psychology 1970

Affiliations (15)

  • (1980) National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology
  • (1993) The American Academy of Psychologists Treating Addiction : Diplomate (Cert. #21 no longer active)
  • American Psychological Association Divs. 12 24 29 36 38 39
  • Texas Psychological Association : Member
  • Society for Research in Child Development : Member
  • Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback : Member
  • Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy : Member
  • Association for Psychological Type : Member
  • Society for Behavioral Medicine : Member
  • Society for Psychotherapy Research : Member
  • Austin Society for Psychoanalytic Psychology : Member
  • Capital Area Psychological Association : Member
  • Association of Psychology Training Clinics : Member
  • Society for Psychotherapy Integration : Member
  • Society for Personality Assessment : Member

Event Appearances (29)

Eating patterns and binge eating: Comparison of baby boomer and millennial generation students (Hawkins, R.C. II, Rodriguez, A., Jones, J., & Soon, K.

(2017) Texas Psychological Association Convention  Houston, TX

CBT for anxiety and depression is effective regardless of social and work impairment severity (Hawkins, R.C. II, & Harte, C.B.)

(2017) Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science  Boston, MA

Early mother-infant feeding interactions and somatic growth in infancy and adulthood (Moore, R., & Hawkins, R.C. II)

(2017) Society for Research in Childhood Development Biennial Convention  Austin, TX

Maps of the political mind: A functional contextual perspective (Hawkins, R.C. II)

International Organization of Social Sciences and Behavioral Research Convention  New Orleans, LA

Problem eating behaviors and binge eating: Comparison of baby boomers and millennials (Hawkins, R.C. II, Rodriguez, A., Albrecht, J., Guerra, A., Jones, J., & Torres, T.)

(2017) Southwest Psychological Association Conference  San Antonio, TX

Association of MBTI type preferences with coping behaviors/quality of life domains (Chace, T., & Hawkins, R.C. II)

San Antonio, TX  (2017) Southwest Psychological Association Conference

Prioritizing psychologists' social relevance: Exercises for entering doctoral students (Freimuth, M., Kranzberg, M., Hawkins, R.C. II, & Moore, G.)

(2017) Mid-Winter Conference of the National Council of Schools and Programs of Professional Psychology  Long Beach, CA

Dream language features, themes, and personality correlates: A pilot study

(2016) Texas Psychological Association Convention  Austin, TX

LIWC language features: Repeated measures differences across narrative tasks (Hawkins, R.C. II, Yang, S.J., Lee, A.S., Torres, T.G, Franzetti, A.J., Gangnuss, E., & Estorque, C.)

(2016) Texas Psychological Association Convention  Austin, TX

Practical concerns, resources, and supervision issues in developing internship and postdoctoral placements (Seay, O., Walker, C., McCoy, J., Gonzalez, C., & Hawkins, R.C. II)

(2016) Texas Psychological Association Convention  Austin, TX

Increasing attention through working memory training for ADHD (Elliot, A., Hawkins, R.C. II, & Sandford, J.)

(2016) National Academy of Neuropsychology  Seattle, WA

Shyness and partner dependency as predictors of touch (Myers, B.C., Hawkins, R.C.II, Diego, M., Field, T., Ashworth, B., Hutchinson, K., Dilks, L.S., King, C., Richard, M., Viggiani,S., & Hippman, K.)

(2016) Fielding Graduate University, Summer Session  Chicago, IL

Relationship of mother-infant feeding interactions and weight gain during the first three months to adult BMI at 38 year follow-up (Hawkins, R.C.II)

(2016) International Conference of Infancy Studies  New Orleans, LA

Periodicity of Eating and Sleeping Scale: Development and preliminary construct validation (Hawkins, R.C.II, Lee, L.F., Ratcliff, S., Wang,Y., & Ibarra, L.)

(2015) Texas Psychological Association Convention  San Antonio, TX

"PsychoGrapho": A double-blind cohort study of Jungian typology and handwriting analysis (Hawkins, R.C. II, & E. Marcus Barnes)

(2015) Biennial International Conference of the Association of Psychological Type  Miami, FL

Next Generation APA Psychotherapy DVDs: Presentation and discussion (Hawkins, R.C. II, & Kranzberg, M.)

(2015) Fielding Austin and Dallas Clusters, Regional Meeting for PCS Track Credit  New Orleans, LA

Many Faces, Many Theories of Change Mechanisms for Biofeedback (Hawkins, R.C. II)

(2015) Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback  Austin, TX

Next Generation APA Psychotherapy DVDs: Presentation and discussion (McCary, M. & Hawkins, R.C. II)

(2015) Austin Society for Psychoanalytic Psychology  Austin, TX

Nonverbal learning disorder as a neurocognitive endophenotype for anxiety in adults: Implications for CBT assessment and intervention (Hawkins, R.C. II, & Brown, D.)

(2014) Annual convention of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy  Philadelphia, PA

Nonverbal learning disorder WPPSI-IV profiles in autism spectrum disorders (Anderson, A., Rivera-Perez, Y., Waller, L., Tapia, A., Stiffey, D., & Hawkins, R.C. II)

(2014) Annual convention of the Texas Psychological Association  Dallas, TX

Childhood sexual abuse and eating problems in 8-, 12-, and 14-year-old females from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect-LONGSCAN (Lannon, K.L., Fallon..Hawkins, R.C. II, & Davis, I.P.)

(2014) Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association  Washington, DC

Narrow and wide band relationships between MBTI and DSM diagnosis (Jinkerson, J., & Hawkins)

(2014) Annual Convention of the Southeastern Psychological Association  Nashville, TN

Can MBTI dimensions predict therapy outcome?: Differences in the thinking-feeling dimension in CBT (Jinkerson, J., & Hawkins, R.C. II)

(2013) Annual Convention of the Tennessee Psychological Association  Nashville, TN

Nonverbal learning disorder WAIS-IV profiles in anxiety disorders (Montfort, K., Alford, U.H., Anderson, A.B., Tapia, A., Stiffey, D., & Hawkins, R.C. II)

(2013) Annual Convention of the Texas Psychological Association  Houston, TX

WAIS-IV differential abilities and bipolar disorder, substance abuse, and generalized anxiety disorder (Hawkins, R.C. II, Ashworth, B., & Dilks, L.)

(2013) Annual Convention of the New England Psychological Association  Bridgeport, CT

Aberrant salience, emotional valence, and attentional deficits (Mitchell, K., Cohen, A., & Hawkins, R.C. II)

(2013) Annual Conference of the Society for Research in Psychopathology  Oakland, CA

Identifying nonverbal learning disorder using the WAIS-IV: Establishing diagnostic differences (Anderson, A.B., Alford, U.H., Duffing, T.M., Stiffey, D., & Hawkins, R.C. II)

(2013) Annual Convention of the Southwestern Psychological Association  Fort Worth, TX

Counseling the rural and homeless: Research and practice (Hawkins, R.C. II)

(2011) Capital Area Psychological Association  Austin, TX

Preventing bipolar disorder episodes (Hawkins, R.C. II)

(2009) The Stephen Ministry, Northwest Hills United Methodist Church  Austin, TX

Research Grants (1)

The Lone Star Psychology Internship Consortium Internship Accreditation

Hogg Foundation for Mental Health $455,538

January 1, 2013-December 31, 2015

Articles (21)

Agency and communion in end-of-life decision-making

Illness, Crisis & Loss

(2017) Vol. 25(2), 87-106 Both the assisted suicide and the hospice or palliative medicine movements are alike in that each weighs the wishes of the patient and family for end-of-life medical decisions. The balancing of agency and communion within small communities of support may provide the opportunity to inform end-of-life decision-making and acceptance of the dying process. In this sense, the spirit of “communitas” may instill faith that the ending of one’s life journey is both reasonable and meaningful. The role of the small community of support may be akin to that of the guide who assists the aging or dying person through the dialectic of being an autonomous agent and a communicant in the end-of-life transition...

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Such stuff as dreams are made on: Dream language, LIWC norms, and personality correlates


Hawkins, R.C. II , Boyd, R.

(2017) Vol. 27(2), 102-121 We describe the language features of dream narratives from three large samples of normal persons using Linguistic Inquiry Word Count (LIWC), a computer text analysis program. Compared to LIWC norms from waking narratives, LIWC dream narratives showed more use of function words in general, common words, past tense verbs, relativity (particularly space), inclusion, leisure, friend, and home words, and less use of second person pronouns, present and future verbs, causation words, large words, and assent words. Dream narratives did not contain more negative emotion words...

Psychological flexibility, attachment, and personality organization: Correlations between constructs of differing approaches

Journal of Psychotherapy Integraton

Salande, J.D., & Hawkins, R.C. II

(2017) Vol 27(3), 365-380 Psychological flexibility is a theoretical construct associated with acceptance and commitment therapy, a “third wave” cognitive–behavioral therapy treatment focusing on mindfulness and acceptance of aversive internal events. Psychological flexibility has been thoroughly investigated in clinical and nonclinical populations. However, very little research has been done pertaining to the possible relationships between psychological flexibility and attachment style. Similarly, there is no research investigating the potential link between psychological flexibility and constructs associated with a psychodynamic formulation of personality organization, particularly identity integration and defensive operations...

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Biofeedback and the illusion of self-control: A functional contextualist perspective


(2016) Vol. 44(4), 22-228 Physiological self-regulation through biofeedback may be seen as a metaphor for generalized self-control expectancies. Using a model based on functional contextualism and relational frames theory, self-control efforts are seen as a convenient fiction or illusion, with physiological coherence and the sense of coherence associated with improvements in health and behavior...

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Weight bias internalization: Semantic differential measurement and treatment implications

Psychology Research

(2016) Vol. 44(4), 225.228 Stereotypic attributions about “overweight people” (called weight stigma or bias) and “slender people” were elicited through semantic differential procedures and compared with self-attributions on the same bipolar personality trait scales. More negative personality traits were attributed to overweight people than to slender people and self-descriptions. Overweight subjects attributed negative traits to “overweight people” but did not self-endorse these negative personality characteristics...

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Clinical health psychology: Cultural considerations

Fielding Monograph Series, Santa Barbara, CA: Fielding Graduate University

Ed. Hawkins, R.C. II

(2016) Vol. 9 This title of this ninth volume of the Fielding Monograph, "Clinical Health Psychology: Cultural Considerations" has two main themes, each of which serves a bridging function. First, clinical health psychology, which involves the application of scientific findings for "the promotion and maintenance of health; the prevention and rehabilitation of illness and disability, and the improvement of the health care system" is a fusion of clinical psychology's focus on psychopathology with health psychology's emphasis on health maintenance, wellness, and health care service primarily for physical health...

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Impact of personality disorder comorbidity on cognitive-behavioural therapy outcome for mood and anxiety disorders: Results from a university training clinic

Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process and Outcome

Harte, C.B., & Hawkins, R.C. II

(2016) Vol. 19(2), 114-125 This study examined the impact of co-occurring personality disorder (PD) pathology on mood and anxiety symptom improvement in response to non-manualized, short-term, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) delivered by trainees. The sample comprised 305 adult outpatients treated individually for mood (unipolar depression) and anxiety disorders [generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder (SAD), specific phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)] by doctoral students within a university training clinic. After comprehensive assessment of psychopathology, symptom-specific measures were administered at pre- and end-treatment...

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Finding universals and appreciating differences: Cross-cultural psychological science informed by personality in context

Journal of Psychology Research

(2016) Vol. 6(8), 473-481.

Psychological type and burnout in social service managers: Jungian theory reconsidered

Journal of Scientific Psychology

Hawkins, C.A., & Hawkins, R.C. II

(2016) Vol. 11, 28-38 The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was administered to a random sample of social service managers (n = 243), who were predominantly “thinking” in preference. Measures of burnout (the Tedium Scale, with a purer “physical/emotional exhaustion” subscale derived through factor analysis) and instrumental/expressive traits (EPAQ scales) were obtained concurrently. The “thinking” vs. “feeling” MBTI preference did not affect these relationships in the manner predicted by Jungian theory as expressed by Garden...

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Relationship of social service managers' instrumental and expressive traits to job burnout

International Journal of Business, Humanities, and Technology

Hawkins, C.A., & Hawkins, R.C. II

(2016) Vol. 6(1), 24-30 The EPAQ Scales, which measure positive and negative attributes of instrumentality (agency) and xpressiveness (communion), were administered along with the Tedium Scale to a random sample of social service managers (n = 245). The strongest correlate of job burnout (tedium) was self-reported passive-aggressiveness...

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PsychoGrapho: A double-blind cohort study of Jungian typology and handwriting analysis

Journal of Psychology Research

Barnes, E.M., Six, J., & Hawkins, R.C. II

(2016) Vol. 6(1), 50-56 Previous research studies on the relationship between Jungian typology and handwriting analysis have been informal, inconclusive, or methodologically flawed. In the present double-blind cohort study, four expert handwriting analysts, who were knowledgeable about Jungian theory and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), independently determined the four letter MBTI types of participants based upon blind interpretation of their handwriting samples...

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Psychotherapeutic theories of change and measurement: An integrative model

Journal of Unified Psychotherapy and Clinical Science

Hawkins, R.C. II, & Meier, S.T.

(2016) Vol. 3(1), 80-119 We propose that a substantial gap exists between psychotherapy theories and psychological measurement and assessment. For example, prevalent introductory textbooks of personality and psychotherapy theories generally lack specification of measures for core processes and outcomes...

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Codependence, Contradependence, Gender-Stereotyped Traits, Personality Dimensions, and Problem Drinking

Universal Journal of Psychology

Hawkins, C.A., & Hawkins, R.C. II

(2014) This study explored the relationship between codependence assessment scales, gender, positive and negative gender-stereotyped traits, and other measures of personality and problem drinking. These instruments were administered to a sample of 208 American ...

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Can Myers-Briggs dimensions predict therapy outcome?: Differences in the thinking-feeling function pair in cognitive therapy for depression/anxiety

Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process and Outcome

Jinkerson, J.D., Masilla, A., & Hawkins, R.C. II

(2015) Vol. 18(1), 21-31 The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is sometimes used to predict therapy outcome and select the therapeutic modality, but the empirical basis for these uses is minimal. In the current study, psychological type (assessed by the MBTI) and initial functioning (assessed by Global Assessment of Functioning [GAF]) were used to predict the therapy outcome...

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Narrow and wide band relationships between the MBTI Psychological Type and DSM diagnoses

Journal of Psychological Type

Jinkerson, J.D., Masilla, A., & Hawkins, R.C. II

(2014) Vol. 74(3), 29-48 Psychopathology’s origin may involve certain personality types having endophenotypic inclinations to develop particular forms of pathology (Van der Hoop, 1939). Such type-related differential susceptibility to pathology implies relationships between MBTI psychological types and DSM diagnoses. To identify relationships between diagnosis and type, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was administered to an outpatient sample (N = 523) two weeks after clinical diagnoses were made. Chi-square analyses were used to compare the relative representations of typological dimensions to diagnostic subgroups...

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Binge eating, restraint, and weight concerns: Comparison of baby boomers' and millenials' data

Annals of Behavioral Medicine

Hawkins, R.C. II, & Tang, A.

(2012) Vol. 43 (Supplement 1), S190.

Family systems and chemical dependency

Chemical dependency: A systems approach (4th Edition)

Hawkins, C.A., & Hawkins, R.C. II

(2012) (pp. 256-284). Eds. C. Aaron McNeece & Diana M. DiNitto, University of Texas at Austin / Boston: Pearson. This book looks at substance abuse from a systems perspective. It presents all major theories of addiction, as well as the major physiological and psychological results of substance abuse, including fetal alcohol syndrome...

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Psychological type and binge eating behaviors in college women

Journal of Psychological Type

Hawkins, R.C. II, Hawkins, C.A., Cruickshank, S., & Setty, C.

(2010) Vol. 70 (7), 77-86 This study examined the relationship between psychological type and binge eating tendencies in a sample of college women from two different universities in the Southwest. Previous studies have shown no relationship between psychological type and body weight, and we found the same result. Until the present study, however, there has not been a systematic large sample study of eating disorder or binge eating tendencies and psychological type. Sixty women who scored above a threshold on the Binge Scale were compared to a base sample of 403 women using the Selection Ratio Type Table (SRTT) analysis...

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The relationship between hours employed, perceived work interference, and grades reported by social work undergraduate students.

Journal of Social Work Education

Hawkins, C.A., Hawkins, R.C.II, Smith, M.L., & Grant, D.

(2005) This article reports on an exploratory research study that found that working a half-time job while pursuing a full-time course load is typical for most undergraduate social work students. Average number of hours worked and perceived work interference with studies were ...

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Substance abuse as a dynamical disease: Evidence and clinical implications of nonlinearity in a time series of daily alcohol consumption

Addictive Behaviors

Warren, K., Hawkins, R.C.II, & Sprott, J.C.

(2003) Several authors have suggested that chaos theory, the study of nonlinear dynamics and the application of the knowledge gained to natural and social phenomena, might yield insight into substance-related disorders. In this article, we examine the dynamics of substance ...

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The spirit is willing: Nonlinearity, bifurcations, and mental control

Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences

Hawkins, R.C. II.

(2002) In recent years there has been considerable interest in the construction of nonlinear models of the dynamics of human behavior. In this exploratory article we argue that attempts at controlling problematic thoughts, emotions, or behaviors can lead to nonlinearity in ...

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