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Samantha Chapman, PhD - Villanova University. Villanova , PA, US

Samantha Chapman, PhD Samantha Chapman, PhD

Professor of Biology | College of Liberal Arts and Sciences | Villanova University

Villanova , PA, UNITED STATES

Samantha Chapman, PhD is an Associate Professor with expertise in global change in coastal ecosystems and invasive plant species.

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Areas of Expertise (4)

Biodiversity Loss

Climate change effects on coastal wetlands

Invasive Species

Carbon Storage and Sequestration

Biography

Climate change, encroaching development, and accelerating environmental degradation of natural habitats pose a serious threat to an increasing number of plant and animal species. Dr. Chapman researches and can discuss leading issues on coastal climate change and possible solutions to biodiversity loss.

Education (3)

Northern Arizona University: PhD

Northern Arizona University: MS

The Pennsylvania State University: BS

Select Accomplishments (4)

Anne Quinn Welsh Honors Faculty Fellow, Villanova University (professional)

2017-19

Smithsonian Institution Postdoctoral Fellowship (professional)

2005-2007

Selected Participant, National Science Foundation/UMBC ADVANCE Faculty Horizons workshop for aspiring STEM faculty (professional)

2006

Smithsonian Marine Station Link Fellowship (professional)

2003

Affiliations (5)

  • Member of NASA Climate Adaptation Science Investigators Group
  • Board of Directors, Soil Ecology Society
  • Christmas Tree Farms and Soil Carbon Storage: A North American Carbon Program (NACP) Affiliated Project
  • Smithsonian Marine Science Network
  • Editorial Board Member, Ecology; Journal of Ecology

Select Media Appearances (5)

Protecting the world's wetlands: 5 essential reads

The Conversation  online

2019-01-31

Mangroves are actually benefiting from climate change in some regions, such as Florida and the Gulf of Mexico. Villanova University biologist Samantha Chapman has found that mangroves are becoming more abundant in these areas, moving into zones formerly dominated by salt marshes, which typically are found in cooler zones.

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Global Warning

WHYY Philadelphia Public Radio  radio

2018-10-19

Piece begins at 39:20.
We’re talking about climate change. The new UN report states that humans have to take serious action to reduce warming within the next ten years or face some dire consequences … here’s a candidate that could help form a barrier against rising seas: mangroves. “So they’re those trees that look kind of like jungle gyms.” That’s Villanova biologist Samantha Chapman, she studies wetland ecosystems, including mangroves.

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Villanova researchers find Mangroves could fight sea-level rise

KYW News Radio (Philadelphia)  radio

2018-09-02

Villanova University researchers say they made some encouraging finds in a study focused on ways to combat rising sea levels resulting from a warming of the climate.
Samantha Chapman is part of the team of biologists and ecologists engaged in the study of marsh conditions at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
She says the study found that Mangrove trees grew in size and their root structures pushed up the soil better than marsh grasses providing a measure of protection.

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Mangroves protect coastlines, store carbon – and are expanding with climate change

The Conversation  online

2018-02-09

Authored by Samantha Chapman, Associate Professor of Biology, Villanova University.
With the help of technology, humans can traverse virtually every part of our planet’s surface. But animals and plants are less mobile. Most species can only live in zones where temperature and rain fall within specific ranges.

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Scientists say mangroves have important role in combatting climate change

NPR  

2019-08-28

Climate change is extending the range of mangroves. The tropical trees are thriving farther north and south than ever before. Scientists say that's actually helping limit damage during hurricanes. Villanova University Biologist Samantha Chapman predicts warming could push the upper most range of mangroves up to Georgia within the next decade.

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Research Grants (5)

The influence of mangrove invasion and rising temperatures on belowground processes in coastal ecosystems

National Science Foundation 

2017-2020, Ecosystem Science
Principal Investigator with Co-PIs M. Hester, J. Morris, A. Langley and C. Feller.

Mangroves marching northward: the impacts of rising seas and temperatures on ecosystems at Kennedy Space Center

NASA ROSES 

2012-205, with extension to 2016.
Principal Investigator with I.C. Feller, J.A. Langley and W. Walker.

Interactions of invasive insects, wildfire and climate change: Mechanisms, processes and adaptations on forest productivity, composition and decline

USDA Forest Service RSJVA 

2010-2014
Principal Investigator with J. Hom.

Manipulating plant and microbial resource environment to optimize oil degradation in coastal marshes

NSF RAPID 

2010-2012
Co-Principal Investigator with with J.A. Langley.

Christmas Trees and Soil Carbon Storage: Maximizing Ecosystem Management and Sustainability in A Future Carbon Economy

USDA-CSREES-NRI 

2008-2010, extension to 2012.
Principal Investigator with with J.A. Langley.

Select Academic Articles (5)

Impacts of mangrove encroachment and mosquito impoundment management on coastal protection services Hydrobiologia

Doughty C.D.* K. C. Cavanaugh, C.R. Hall, I.C. Feller, S.K. Chapman

In press.

Chronic warming stimulates growth of marsh grasses more than mangroves in a coastal wetland ecotone Ecology

GA Coldren, CR Barreto, DD Wykoff, EM Morrissey, J Adam Langley, IC Feller, SK Chapman

2016

Increasing temperatures and a reduction in the frequency and severity of freezing events have been linked to species distribution shifts. Across the globe, mangrove ranges are expanding toward higher latitudes, likely due to diminishing frequency of freezing events associated with climate change. Continued warming will alter coastal wetland plant dynamics both above-and belowground, potentially altering plant capacity to keep up with sea level rise.

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Impacts and effects of ocean warming on tidal marsh and tidal freshwater forest ecosystems Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. pp. 105-120.

J Patrick Megonigal, Samantha Chapman, Steve Crooks, Paul Dijkstra, Matt Kirwan, Adam Langley

2016

Tidal wetland responses to warming involve complex feedbacks between plants, microbes and physical processes, the balance of which will ultimately determine if these ecosystems can keep pace with accelerated sea-level rise. Plant primary production is likely to increase with warming based on evidence from latitudinal gradients of tidal marsh biomass and experimental manipulations.

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Impacts of soil nitrogen and carbon additions on forest understory communities with a long nitrogen deposition history Ecosystems

Samantha K Chapman, Kathryn A Devine, Courtney Curran, Rachel O Jones, Frank S Gilliam

2016

Rates of nitrogen (N) deposition have been historically high throughout much of the northeastern United States; thus, understanding the legacy of these high N loads is important for maintaining forest productivity and resilience. Though many studies have documented plant invasions due to N deposition and associated impacts on ecosystems, less is known about whether invasive plants will continue to increase in dominance with further shifting nutrient regimes. Using soil N and carbon additions, we examined the impact of both increasing and decreasing soil N on native and invasive understory plant dynamics over 4 years in a northeastern deciduous forest with a long history of N deposition. Despite applying large quantities of N, we found no difference in soil nitrate (NO3) or ammonium (NH4 +) pools in N addition plots over the course of the study.

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Mangrove range expansion rapidly increases coastal wetland carbon storage Estuaries and Coasts

Cheryl L Doughty, J Adam Langley, Wayne S Walker, Ilka C Feller, Ronald Schaub, Samantha K Chapman

2016

The climate change-induced expansion of mangroves into salt marshes could significantly alter the carbon (C) storage capacity of coastal wetlands, which have the highest average C storage per land area among unmanaged terrestrial ecosystems. Mangrove range expansion is occurring globally, but little is known about how these rapid climate-driven shifts may alter ecosystem C storage. Here, we quantify current C stocks in ecotonal wetlands across gradients of marsh- to mangrove-dominance, and use unique chronological maps of vegetation cover to estimate C stock changes from 2003 to 2010 in a 567-km wildlife refuge in the mangrove-salt marsh ecotone. We report that over the 7-yr. period, total wetland C stocks increased 22 % due to mangrove encroachment into salt marshes. Newly established mangrove stands stored twice as much C on a per area basis as salt marsh primarily due to differences in aboveground biomass, and mangrove cover increased by 69 % during this short time interval. Wetland C storage within the wildlife refuge increased at a rate of 2.7 Mg C ha yr., more than doubling the naturally high coastal wetland C sequestration rates. Mangrove expansion could account for a globally significant increase of terrestrial C storage, which may exert a considerable negative feedback on warming.

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