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Stephen Moshier, Ph.D. - Wheaton College. Wheaton, IL, US

Stephen Moshier, Ph.D. Stephen Moshier, Ph.D.

Professor of Geology, Black Hills Science Station Director, Department Chair | Wheaton College


Dr. Stephen Moshier has practiced geology as a college professor and in the oil industry.



Stephen Moshier, Ph.D. Publication




Lecture - James Hoffmeier & Stephen Moshier Stephen Moshier - Which Way out of Egypt? Physical Geography Constraints on the Exodus Itinerary




Dr. Stephen O. Moshier is a Professor of Geology at Wheaton College, where he also chairs the Department of Geology and Environmental Science department and directs the Wheaton College Science Station (a campus for summer programs in the Black Hills, South Dakota). Much of his early research in geology involved describing and interpreting oil reservoir rocks, with published papers on oil fields in North America, the Middle East and Southeast Asia.

More recently, Dr. Moshier's research efforts are in the field of geoarchaeology with contributions to Bronze and Iron Age excavations in the Sinai, Egypt and Israel by combining surface geology with satellite imagery to reconstruct the ancient geographic settings of the archaeological sites. Dr. Moshier is responsible for education in the areas of earth history, sedimentary rocks, petroleum geology, and geoarchaeology, as well as popular courses on natural disasters, National Parks, and theories of origins.

Education (3)

Louisiana State University: Ph.D., Geology 1987

SUNY Binghamton: M.A., Geological Sciences 1979

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University: B.S., Geology 1977

Areas of Expertise and Research Interests (6)

Geology Archaeology Earth History Petroleum Geology Natural Disasters Sedimentary Rocks

Professional Affiliations (4)

  • American Association of Petroleum Geologists: Member
  • American Scientific Affiliation: Fellow
  • Affiliation of Christian Geologists: Past President
  • Geological Society of America: Member

Media Appearances (5)

Creationist Suing Grand Canyon, Interior Department Over Research

91.5 KJZZ Radio  radio


The Grand Canyon is one of the most popular sites in the world for tourists to gaze at and take photos of. Its natural wonders have amazed visitors for generations. But the Canyon is also a place that has great religious meaning for people known as young earth creationists, and one man, Andrew Snelling, is suing park officials and the Interior Department. As part of research into the Canyon’s possible connection to the Bible’s account of Earth’s creation, Snelling wanted to take a number of rocks from the park, but he was denied. To learn more, we talked with Stephen Moshier. He’s a geologist and Professor at Wheaton College. He’s also the former president of the Affiliation of Christian Geologists.

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Quoted in "A Creationist Sues the Grand Canyon for Religious Discrimination"

The Atlantic  online


“That’s really a tough question because in science we want to be the type of community where people can bring about ideas that are controversial,” says Stephen Moshier, a geologist at Wheaton, a Christian liberal arts college in Illinois, and a former president of the Affiliation of Christian Geologists. The problem, according to Moshier, who is not a young-Earth creationist, is that they want mainstream geologists to be open to new ideas, but it’s the young-Earth creationists themselves who have proved inflexible in the face of new evidence contradicting their ideas. “Often I read things by young-Earth creationists where I think they really ought to know better. Many of them have excellent training in the geosciences,” he says.

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Did Noah's Flood Create the Grand Canyon?

Let's Talk with Mark Elfstrand (WYLL-AM Chicago)  radio


Mark Elfstrand interviews Dr. Stephen Moshier about his new book, The Grand Canyon: Monument to an Ancient Earth.

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Young Earth Creationism Makes Life Difficult for Everyone

Christianity Today  online


Christian evolutionists are the ones really bugged by this movement. "Geology at Wheaton is presented and practiced much the same way as at secular universities," Stephen Moshier, the department chair, says. However, young earth creationists have a lot of influence, Moshier says. "It can get so frustrating," he said. "Many of us at Christian colleges really grieve at what a problem this young-earth creationism makes for the Christian witness. It's almost like they're adding another thing you have to believe to become a Christian. It's like saying, You have to believe the world is flat to be a Christian, and that's absolutely unreasonable."...

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Rock of Ages, Ages of Rock

The New York Times  online


The statement of faith for Wheaton College in Illinois, Billy Graham’s alma mater, for example, says that Scripture is “inerrant in the original writing” and that “God directly created Adam and Eve,” but when it comes to pinning down the age of the earth, the school balks. Wheaton has a strong geology department. Its professors argue that the Bible makes no specific mention of the age of the earth. They belong to groups like the Geological Society of America and wring their hands about the “geo-literacy” of the church. “Geology at Wheaton is presented and practiced much the same way as at secular universities,” the department chairman, Stephen Moshier, said in a recent talk. Other professors have issued long tracts comparing the various methods of radiometric dating and showing that they all agree: The earth is over four billion years old.

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Academics and Published Research (2)

Courses Taught

- Natural Disasters (nonmajor course)
- Geology of National Parks (nonmajor course)
- Theories of Origins (nonmajor course) (co-teacher)
- Earth History and Stratigraphy
- Biogeology
- Geoarchaeology
- Petroleum Geology
- Marine Biology (co-teacher with Biology faculty)
- General Petrography and Petrology (co-teacher)
- Senior Geology Seminar


Individual Projects
- Geoarchaeology, Quaternary paleoenvironmental analysis- study areas in east Nile Delta and NW Sinai, Egypt and Tell Ashkelon, Israel.
- Carbonate petrology (sedimentology and diagenesis): modern and ancient depositional environments, porosity; carbonate-coal depositional systems; carbonate petroleum reservoirs.

Research with Students
- Geoarchaeology (field work, remote sensing and GIS)
- Watershed analysis for urban planning and community development (previous projects in Chicago suburbs and rural Honduras).

Select Articles, Chapters, Reviews, and Other Publications (12)

Which Way Out of Egypt? Physical Geography Related to the Exodus Itinerary Israel's Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective: Text, Archaeology, Culture, and Geoscience

Moshier, S. O., and J. K. Hoffmeier


“The Ways of Horus” – Reconstructing Egypt’s East Frontier Defense Network and the Military Road to Canaan in New Kingdom Times Exacavtions in North Sinai: Tell el-Borg I

Hoffmeier, J. and Moshier, S. O.


Geologic Setting of Tell el-Borg with Implications for Ancient Geography of the Northwest Sinai Exacavtions in North Sinai: Tell el-Borg I

Moshier, S. O.


“A Highway Out of Egypt”: The main road from Egypt to Canaan Desert Road Archaeology in Ancient Egypt and Beyond

Hoffmeier, J. and Moshier, S. O.


Flood Geology and the Grand Canyon: A Critique Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 61: 99-115

Hill, C. A., and Moshier, S.O.


From the beginning: faith and geology at evangelical Wheaton College In M. Kobel-Ebert (ed.) Geology and Religion: Historical Views of an Intense Relationship between Harmony and Hostility. The Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 310: 301–316.

Moshier, S. O., Maas, D. E., and Greenberg, J. K.


Review of Supercontinent: Ten Billion years in the Life of our Planet, by Ted Nield Books and Culture 14/4: 10-11

Moshier, S. O.


Late Bronze Age paleogeography along the ancient Ways of Horus in Northwest Sinai, Egypt Geoarchaeology 23: 450-473.

Moshier, S. O., A. El-Kalani


Review of Extinction, How Life on Earth Nearly Ended 250 Million Years Ago, by Douglas Erwin Books and Culture 13/3: 38-39.

Moshier, S. O.


Disrupted coal and carbonate facies within two Pennsylvanian cyclothems, southern Illinois Basin, United States. Geological Society of America Bulletin 109: 1231-1248

de Wet, C. B, Moshier, S. O., Hower, J. C., de Wet, A. P., Brennan, S. T., Helfrich, C. T., and Raymond, A. L.


Microporosity in micritic limestones - a review Sedimentary Geology 63: 217-240.

Moshier, S. O.


Quantitative evaluation of Lower Cretaceous Mannville Group as source rock for Alberta's oil sands American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 69: 161-172.

Moshier, S. O. and Waples, D. W.