hero image
Steven Fox, MD, MSc - USC School of Pharmacy. Los Angeles, CA, US

Steven Fox, MD, MSc Steven Fox, MD, MSc

Research Assistant Professor of Pharmaceutical and Health Economics | USC School of Pharmacy


Steven Fox is an expert on methods to improve health outcomes through innovative use of data.






Steve Fox and Public School Immunizations - USC Schaeffer Experts in the News



Steven Fox, MD, MSc, is an assistant research professor in the USC School of Pharmacy's Department of Pharmaceutical and Health Economics. He is trained in internal medicine, pediatrics, public health and quantitative policy analysis. His research focuses on methods to improve health outcomes through innovative use of available data. This includes using real-time predictive analytic techniques to identify high-risk patients so that healthcare resources can be reallocated to them dynamically. He is also actively investigating improved decision analysis methods to enhance the uptake of new clinical evidence into practice.

Fox previously worked as a policy analyst at the RAND Corporation, a consulting specialist for the Los Angeles County Public Health System, and a financial analyst and project manager for a private investment group.

Areas of Expertise (5)

Health Outcomes

Public Health

Internal Medicine


Quantitative Policy Analysis

Selected Articles (5)

An addiction-based mobile health weight loss intervention: protocol of a randomized controlled trial

Contemporary Clinical Trials

Alaina P Vidmar, Sarah J Salvy, Robert Pretlow, Steven D Mittelman, Choo Phei Wee, Cassandra Fink, D Steven Fox, Jennifer K Raymond

2019 This multi-center randomized control trial (RCT) is designed to test the effectiveness of a mobile health (mHealth) weight-loss intervention based on addiction principles, such as withdrawal and tolerance, in a sample of 180 adolescents (ages 14–18) recruited from four pediatric weight management clinics in Southern California. Akin to a Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) design evaluating multicomponent behavioral interventions, we will compare the combination of an app + phone coaching (App+Coach) to app alone (App) and in-clinic multi-disciplinary (Clinic) intervention arms.

view more

An addiction model‐based mobile health weight loss intervention in adolescents with obesity

Pediatric Obesity

AP Vidmar, R Pretlow, C Borzutzky, CP Wee, DS Fox, C Fink, SD Mittelman

2019 Adolescents with obesity were recruited from an multidisciplinary weight management clinic (EMPOWER). Adolescents without significant obesity comorbidities, who exhibited signs of addictive eating, based on the Yale Food Addiction Scale, were enrolled in a pilot study of an interactive, addiction‐based, weight loss smartphone app with coaching (http://clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02689154). The app was designed to help subjects omit problem foods, avoid snacking and reduce meal size. A contemporary cohort of adolescents who completed the EMPOWER program were evaluated. Feasibility of recruitment, adherence, retention rates, BMI change and cost of intervention were examined.

view more

Comparative treatment effectiveness of direct acting antiviral regimens for hepatitis C: data from the Veterans Administration

Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

D Steven Fox, Justin J McGinnis, Ivy Q Tonnu‐Mihara, Jeffrey S McCombs

2017 A retrospective cohort study was conducted using patients who terminated treatment by July 1, 2015. Data were retrieved from the Veterans Health Administration electronic medical records system. Patients were included if sufficient viral load laboratory data were available to determine sustained virologic response. Applying an intention to treat approach and logistic regression analysis, the sustained virologic response rates achieved were compared across drug regimens.

view more

The impact of delayed hepatitis C viral load suppression on patient risk: historical evidence from the veterans administration

Forum for Health Economics and Policy

Tara Matsuda, Jeffrey S McCombs, Ivy Tonnu-Mihara, Justin McGinnis, D Steven Fox

2017 187,860 patients were selected from the Veterans Administration’s (VA) clinical registry (CCR), a longitudinal compilation of electronic medical records (EMR) data for 1999–2010. Inclusion criteria required at least 6 months of CCR/EMR data prior to their HCV diagnosis and sufficient data post-diagnosis to calculate one or more FIB-4 scores. Primary outcome measures were time-to-death and time-to-a composite of liver-related clinical events. Cox proportional hazards models were estimated separately using three critical FIB-4 levels to define early and late viral response.

view more

Optimizing HCV treatment–Moving beyond the cost conundrum

Journal of Hepatology

D Steven Fox, Jeffrey S McCombs

2016 When is it appropriate to delay a potentially lifesaving treatment? Should treatment decisions be based purely on economic grounds? In the United States, these questions confront payers and government programs covering patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. New, highly effective oral treatments for this serious infection have recently received food and drug administration (FDA) approval in the U.S. but their list prices make immediate treatment of all infected patients infeasible. In response, many payers have instituted coverage policies that authorize treatment only for the sickest patients, putting off therapy for less severely ill patients. However, new data suggests that this approach may constitute a suboptimal policy, if not carefully executed. While not all patients require immediate treatment, an optimal strategy should treat patients before they progress too far towards end-stage disease; beyond the point when even highly effective treatments can confer only diminished benefit. Minimally invasive clinical markers of disease progression should be monitored to help guide when treatment should be initiated.

view more