Trevor Zink, Ph.D. - Loyola Marymount University. Los Angeles , CA, US

Trevor Zink, Ph.D. Trevor Zink, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Management, College of Business Administration | Loyola Marymount University

Los Angeles , CA, US








Trevor Zink is an Assistant Professor of Management at Loyola Marymount University. Trevor earned his BBA and MBA from Loyola Marymount University. He then attended the University of California at Santa Barbara as a UC Regents Special Fellow, where he earned his MA in economics and his PhD in environmental science and management. His dissertation examined how businesses can actively improve the environment in meaningful, physical ways by creatively competing with more damaging firms. Trevor has published a life cycle assessment comparing the environmental impacts of repurposing versus refurbishing used smartphones, and was part of a team that completed a large-scale multi-stakeholder environmental impact assessment of used engine oil in California.

Education (4)

University of California, Santa Barbara: Ph.D., Environmental Science and Management 2015

University of California, Santa Barbara: M.A., Economics 2012

Loyola Marymount University : MBA, Business Administration 2010

Loyola Marymount University: B.A., Business Administration 2007


Areas of Expertise (6)

Environmental Sustainability Corporate Social Responsibility Industrial Ecology Win-Win Strategies Net Green Businesses Waste Management

Articles (8)

Common Misconceptions about Recycling
Journal of Industrial Ecology


Geyer, R., Kuczenski, B., Zink, T., Henderson, A. The recycling of material resources lies at the heart of the industrial ecology (IE) metaphor. The very notion of the industrial ecosystem is motivated by the idea that we should learn from natural ecosystems how to “close the loop.” Recycling is not just central to IE, it is part of everyday life. Unfortunately, how the IE community and the public at large think about recycling includes several misconceptions that have the potential to misguide environmental assessments, policies, and actions that deal with recycling and thus undermine its environmental potential.

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A Market-Based Framework for Quantifying Displaced Production from Recycling or Reuse
Journal of Industrial Ecology


Zink, T., Geyer, R. & Startz, R. The most significant environmental benefit of recycling or reusing a wide range of products and materials is typically the potential to displace primary material production; lack of displacement significantly reduces the environmental benefits of these activities.

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Citizen Science as an Approach for Overcoming Insufficient Monitoring and Inadequate Stakeholder Buy-in in Adaptive Management: Criteria and Evidence


Adeleye, A. S., Bradley, D., Brandt, W. T., Callery, P., Feraud, M., Garner, K. L., Gentry, R. Huang, Y., Mccullough, I., Pearlman, I., Sutherland, S. A., Wilkinson, W., Yang, Y., Zink, T., Anderson, S. E., Tague, C. Adaptive management is broadly recognized as critical for managing natural resources, yet in practice it often fails to achieve intended results for two main reasons: insufficient monitoring and inadequate stakeholder buy-in. Citizen science is gaining momentum as an approach that can inform natural resource management and has some promise for solving the problems faced by adaptive management. Based on adaptive management literature, we developed a set of criteria for successfully addressing monitoring and stakeholder related failures in adaptive management and then used these criteria to evaluate 83 citizen science case studies from peer-reviewed literature.

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Material flow analysis of lubricating oil use in California
Resources, Conservation and Recycling


Kuczenski, B., Geyer, R., Zink, T., & Henderson, A. Abstract Petroleum lubricating oils, used throughout the economy, are distinct among petroleum products in their capacity to be recovered and recycled at the end of their useful life. Used lubricating oil is regulated at the state and federal level because of concerns about environmental impacts arising from improper disposal, although rates of recovery are not known. We present a material flow analysis of lubricants through California's economy in the years 2007–2012. We introduce a novel technique for computing aggregate waste ...

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Net Green: The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on the Natural Environment and Employee Satisfaction
Dissertation, University of California at Santa Barbara. Ann Arbor: Proquest/UMI. Publication no. 3645720.


Human activities continue to degrade the natural environment in myriad ways, and at the heart of the problem is industrial activity—the extraction of resources, production, transportation, and use of goods, and the eventual disposal or recycling of materials. Yet, opportunities exist to engage industrial activity in creative, strategic ways that will actively improve the natural environment and help restore it to a state that can sustain human and nonhuman life into the future. This dissertation is intended to be a step toward that future by progressing our understanding in three separate but related topics in the context of corporate social responsibility (CSR).

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Comparative life cycle assessment of smartphone reuse: repurposing vs. refurbishment
The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment


Zink, T., Maker, F., Geyer, R., Akella, V. & Amirtharajah, R. Abstract Purpose Waste management for end-of-life (EoL) smartphones is a growing problem due to their high turnover rate and concentration of toxic chemicals. The versatility of modern smartphones presents an interesting alternative waste management strategy: repurposing. This paper investigates the environmental impact of smartphone repurposing as compared to traditional refurbishing using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Methods A case study of repurposing was conducted by creating a smartphone “app” that replicates the ...

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Life Cycle Assessment of Used Oil Management in California -- Pursuant to Senate Bill (SB) 546 (Lowenthal)


Geyer, R., Henderson, A., Kuczenski, B. & Zink, T. Petroleum products are among the most significant material flows in the economy (Adriaanse et al., 1997). In 2010 the world production of crude oil was 3.97 billion metric tons (Gt), of which 0.85 Gt was consumed in the United States (International Energy Agency, 2011). The vast majority of this material is combusted in some form as fuel. However, a fraction of crude oil is appropriated for non-combustion uses including petrochemical production, asphalt and paving materials, and lubricating and industrial oils known in aggregate as “lubricants.”

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Values-Centered Entrepreneurs and Their Companies
New York: Routledge


Zink, T. 2010. Case study: Stonyfield Farm. In D. Choi, & E. Gray (eds.) A new brand of entrepreneurs has arrived on the business scene, carrying with them a whole new set of values. They possess a sense of mission – to be socially responsible, protect the planet, and do the right thing for all of their stakeholders. Rather than focus exclusively on financial gain, they aim to achieve a balance between profits and one or more causes of their choosing. In fact, they view for-profit entrepreneurship as a vehicle for social change. The authors call these pioneers "values-centered" entrepreneurs.

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