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Vijay Sood, PhD - University of Ontario Institute of Technology. Oshawa, ON, CA

Vijay Sood, PhD Vijay Sood, PhD

Associate Professor and NSERC-OPG Co-Chair in Innovative Design Engineering, Department of Electrical, Computer and Software Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science | University of Ontario Institute of Technology

Oshawa, ON, CANADA

Industry pioneer and powerhouse drives smart grid energy storage research at UOIT



Vijay Sood, PhD Publication Vijay Sood, PhD Publication




Telepresence Smart Robot Incident Recognition & Intelligence System Automated Fluid Treatment System Power Quality Improvement for Photovoltaic Systems Incorporating Renewable Energy Into Electric Vehicles




Harnessing the power of electricity and storing it for future use is one of the 21st century’s greatest energy challenges. A lead developer of the smart grid power system components, Vijay Sood, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical, Computer and Software Engineering in the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, and a Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)-Ontario Power Generation (OPG) Co-Chair in Innovative Design Engineering. In this role, he is responsible for elevating the design engineering level of UOIT’s Electrical Engineering students’ in their final year Capstone Projects. While all eyes are on the evolution of smart grid technology, Dr. Sood’s research agenda focuses on the integration of renewable energy and automation into an advanced smart grid power system which will have implications for the batteries of electric vehicles and other energy storage devices.

He has been transforming the global electrical power landscape for nearly 40 years. In 1976, he joined IREQ, Hydro Québec, where he spearheaded the development of high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission systems. The earliest three-terminal, 2000 megawatt (MW) link was capable of sending power from James Bay, Québec to Boston, Massachusetts, making it the world’s longest and most powerful HVDC transmission line. Since then he has authored two books based on HVDC technology which have served as a pinnacle moment in his esteemed career. During his last 13 years in industry, he concurrently served as a professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Concordia University in Montréal before joining UOIT in 2007. For his key contributions, Dr. Sood has been appointed a Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada, the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers and the Canadian Academy of Engineers. He is also a registered professional engineer in Ontario.

Born in India and raised in Kenya, Dr. Sood’s keen interest in high power applications stems from his appreciation for the value of electricity in creating jobs and contributing to societal growth. He obtained his Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering from Nairobi University in Kenya in 1967, earned his Master of Science in Electrical Engineering from Strathclyde University in Scotland in 1969, and received his Doctorate in Power Electronics from Bradford University in England in 1977.

Industry Expertise (7)


Renewables and Environmental

Program Development

Industrial Automation

Electrical/Electronic Manufacturing

Electrical Engineering


Areas of Expertise (3)

Power System Control and Protection Using Ai Techniques

Modelling Power Electronics Converters Using Emtp Rv

Hvdc and Facts Controllers for Power Transmission Systems

Accomplishments (3)

Fellow, the Canadian Academy of Engineers (FCAE) (professional)


Dr. Sood has been recognized as a Fellow of the CAE for his significant developments in the modelling and simulation of High Voltage DC Transmission technology in Canada and internationally.

Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Fellow (professional)


Dr. Sood received the distinction of IEEE Fellow for his extraordinary accomplishments in IEEE fields of interest including his work in HVDC transmission systems. Throughout his career, Dr. Sood has received numerous IEEE awards including the IEEE Third Millennium Medal in 2000, an IEEE Outstanding Service Award in 1998, and IEEE Regional Activities Board Achievement Awards in 2001 and 2006.

Engineering Institute of Canada (EIC) Fellow (professional)


Dr. Sood was awarded EIC's highest honour for his contribution to advancing HVDC transmission systems.

Education (3)

Bradford University: PhD, Power Electronics 1977

Strathclyde University: MASc, Electrical Machines 1969

Nairobi University: BSc, Electrical Engineering 1967

Affiliations (4)

  • Professional Engineers Ontario
  • The Engineering Institute of Canada
  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
  • Canadian Academy of Engineers

Languages (2)

  • English
  • French

Media Appearances (1)

UOIT celebrates two NSERC Chair programs

UOIT News  online


Thanks to ongoing research partnerships with the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), Ontario Power Generation (OPG) and the University Network of Excellence in Nuclear Engineering (UNENE), the University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) is proudly celebrating two of its NSERC Chair programs.

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Event Appearances (10)

Average Model of Boost Converter, Including Parasitics Operating in Discontinuous Conduction Mode

30th Annual IEEE Power Electronics Conference and Exposition  Charlotte, North Carolina


Small Signal Analysis of Boost Converter, Including Parasitics, Operating in Continuous Conduction Mode

6th IEEE Power India International Conference  New Dehli, India


A Study on the Control of Hybrid MTDC System Supplying a Passive Network

2014 PowerCon - IEEE International Conference on Power System Technology  Chengdu, China


Modelling of Voltage Source Converters for HVDC Transmission

2014 PowerCon - IEEE International Conference on Power System Technology  Chengdu, China


Modelling of Synchronous Generator and Full-Scale Converter for Distribution System Load Flow Analysis

International Conference on Smart Energy Grid Engineering (SEGE’14)  Oshawa, Ontario


Steady-State and Dynamic Performance of Front-End Diode Rectifier Loads as Predicted by Dynamic Average-Value Models

IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting  Washington, DC


Unified Multi-Critical Infrastructure Communication Architecture

27th Biennial Symposium on Communications  Kingston, Ontario


Overview of Connection Topologies for Grid-Connected PV Systems

IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering  Toronto, Ontario


EMTP Model of Grid Connected PV System

International Conference on Power Systems Transients (IPST 2013)  Vancouver, British Columbia


Phase Angle Pattern Classifier for Differential Protection of Power Transformers

International Conference on Power Systems Transients (IPST 2013)  Vancouver, British Columbia


Patents (1)

Cryogenic Current Limiting Fuse

U.S. Patent No: 2005146817


A cryogenic current limiting fuse is disclosed together with a method of manufacturing a cryogenic current limiting fuse, the cryogenic current limiting fuse comprising a first cryogenic composite and a second cryogenic composite wherein at least one of the first and the second cryogenic composites has a non-linear and increasing resistivity with respect to at least one of temperature and current.

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Research Grants (3)

Grid Integration of Renewable Energy

NSERC Discovery Grant $220000


As principal investigator, Dr. Sood's five-year research program examines the evolving electrical grid as it strives to meet increased environmental sustainability and reduced greenhouse gas emission demands. The grid is shifting from large, remote fossil fuel-based generators to smaller, locally embedded renewable energy generators. With the emergence of new technologies, the smart grid requires intelligent management systems to reach its potential. Dr. Sood is concentrating on system studies to demonstrate opportunities and identify weaknesses in the smart grid implementation.

NSERC-OPG Co-Chair in Innovative Design Engineering

NSERC $116500


Dr. Sood is the NSERC-OPG Co-Chair co-ordinating all research projects for UOIT’s Electrical Engineering students’ in their final year Capstone Project.

Future Urban Electric Systems

Ontario Research Fund $179200


As a co-investigator of this five-year research program, Dr. Sood's research involves the integration of renewable energy into a new smart grid power system using advanced technology to transform its associated controls, automation and communication components. Dr. Sood is exploring the evolution of the urban grid.

Partnerships (1)

Microgrid Research and Innovation Park - UOIT

Panasonic Eco Solutions Canada, Inc.,  Ministry of Energy


Panasonic Eco Solutions Canada, Inc. is leading a $3.8-million research project to establish Ontario's first independent Microgrid Research and Innovation Park at UOIT in partnership with General Electric Digital Energy. Additional collaborators include Oshawa Power Utilities Corporation and Hydro One. As an Evacuation Centre, UOIT is an ideal development site for an islanded microgrid. The microgrid aims to provide backup power support to critical loads in UOIT's Evacuation Centre; demonstrate commercialization of the smart microgrid concept as an emergency power source for hospitals, military bases, and key industries; and provide a test facility for smart microgrid development and innovative research for UOIT professors, students and associated industries to improve performance and reduce costs of microgrid systems. The project supports the Ministry of Energy's current mandate and completion is expected in August 2016.

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Courses (3)

Electric Machines

3rd Year, ELEE 3250U

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Power System Protection

4th Year Elective Course, ELEE 4140U

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Capstone Systems Design for Mechanical, Automotive, and Manufacturing Engineering I

4th Year, ENGR 4950U

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Articles (5)

Transformer Differential Protection with Phase Angle Difference Based Inrush Restraint Electric Power Systems Research


A new technique for blocking the operation of the transformer differential relay when subjected to magnetizing inrush current is presented in this paper. The relay differential and restraint currents are calculated first, and the fundamental-frequency components of the two currents are then compared to identify the phase angle difference (PAD) between the corresponding transformer primary and secondary currents.

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Dynamic Average-Value Modelling of CIGRE HVDC Benchmark System IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery


High-voltage direct-current (HVDC) systems play an important role in modern energy grids, whereas efficient and accurate models are often needed for system-level studies. Due to the inherent switching in HVDC converters, the detailed switch-level models are computationally expensive for the simulation of large-signal transients and hard to linearize for small-signal frequency-domain characterization. In this paper, a dynamic average-value model (AVM) of the first CIGRE HVDC benchmark system is developed in a state-variable-based simulator, such as Matlab/Simulink, and nodal-analysis-based electromagnetic transient program (EMTP), such as PSCAD/EMTDC.

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Modelling of LCC-HVDC Systems Using Dynamic Phasors IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery


This paper presents an average-value model of a line-commutated converter-based HVDC system using dynamic phasors. The model represents the low-frequency dynamics of the converter and its ac and dc systems, and has lower computational requirements than a conventional electromagnetic-transient (EMT) switching model.

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Steady State and Dynamic Performance of Front End Diode Rectifier Loads as Predicted by Dynamic Average Value Models IEEE PES General Meeting


In this paper, the effects of topological variations of the ac-side filters on the system performance are investigated. Also, the steady-state and dynamic impedances predicted by the average models under balanced and unbalanced operation are compared. The studies and analyses presented here extend and complement those set forth in the preceding companion publication.

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Dynamic Averaged and Simplified Models for MMC-Based HVDC Transmission Systems IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery


This paper develops and compares different types of models for efficient and accurate representation of MMC-HVDC systems. The results show that the use of a specific type of model will depend on the conducted analysis and required accuracy.

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