Wizdom Powell is director of the Health Disparities Institute and associate professor of Psychiatry at UConn Health. As president-elect to the American Psychological Association's Society for the Study of Men & Masculinities, she is the first African American woman to hold the position.
In 2011-2012, she was appointed by President Obama to serve as a White House Fellow to Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta. In this role she provided subject matter expertise on Military Mental Health (e.g., PTSD, Suicide, and Military Sexual Trauma).
Powell's community-based research focuses on of the role of modern racism and gender norms on African American male health outcomes and healthcare inequities.
Areas of Expertise (6)
African American Men
Military Mental Health
University of Michigan: Ph.D., Clinical Psychology
University of Michigan: M.P.H., Health Behavior Health Education/Women's & Reproductive Health
University of Michigan: M.S., Clinical Psychology
John Jay College of Criminal Justice: B.A., Forensic Psychology/African-American Studies
- Advisory Board Member: Movement of Youth
- Application Committee Member: Interdisciplinary Association for Population Health Science (IAPHS)
- Co-Chair: My Brother's Keeper Initiative
- Member: African American Researchers Working Group, National Institutes of Drug Abuse
- American Psychological Association Society for the Study of Men & Masculinities, president elect
Health Innovator Fellowship
Academic Writing Residency at Bellagio
Extramural Loan Repayment Program Award Recipient
Phillip and Ruth Hettleman Prize
Artistic and Scholarly Achievement by Young Faculty
UNC Institute for African American Research
Media Appearances (26)
Misguided masculinity keeps many men from visiting the doctor
The Philadelphia Tribune print
Although reasons for the life expectancy gap are complex, biology explains only part of it, said Wizdom Powell, director of the UConn Health Disparities Institute in Hartford, Connecticut. "There's something social happening," said Powell, who also is an associate professor of psychiatry at UConn Health. She and other researchers who have looked at why men avoid the doctor often focus on stereotypical concepts of masculinity.
How racial trauma affects your mental health, and tips for coping as we return to ‘normal’
Racial trauma, or race-based traumatic stress, refers to “any kind of a mental or emotional injury that can be caused by encounters with racial bias, ethnic discrimination, racism and hate crimes,” Wizdom Powell, director of the University of Connecticut’s Health Disparities Institute, tells CNBC Make It. Of course, racial profiling, racism, oppression and violence that happens to people directly is harmful. But things like bearing witness to the death or murder of people of color on the internet and social media can also trigger a trauma reaction response.
Judge delays public release of police bodycam video of Andrew Brown Jr. shooting
ABC News tv
Dr. Wizdom Powell speaks with ABC News following a judge's delay of police body camera footage of the shooting of Andrew Brown Jr. Though some say releasing the bodycam video is of public interest, the judge ruled otherwise but allowed the video to be released to the Brown family.
How Chauvin’s Trial Affected Black Americans
ABC News tv
Dr. Wizdom Powell, director of UConn's Health Disparities Institute and associate professor of psychiatry at UConn Health, speaks with ABC News about the mental health impact of the trial and verdict on Black Americans (beginning at 17:30).
Impact of Chauvin trial stress, anxiety on mental health
CBS This Morning tv
University of Connecticut's Health Disparities Institute Director Wizdom Powell joins "CBS This Morning" to discuss the impact of Derek Chauvin's trial on mental health, particularly among the Black community.
A Black officer died by suicide, leaving anguished videos. Another officer recognized his pain.
Washington Post print
Law enforcement, dominated by a White culture, may leave Black officers more critical of their role, said Wizdom Powell, director of the UConn Health Disparities Institute and an associate professor of psychiatry. Powell said the clash between expectations, reality and values can be incredibly disheartening for officers who believe in social justice and want their work to be an extension of their principles. “Can you imagine the disappointment?” she said. “That’s an incredibly conflicting place for Black, Indigenous and other law enforcement officers.”
What we’ve lost, what we’ve learned during our year of COVID
CT Mirror online
Wizdom Powell, director of the Health Disparities Institute at UConn Health, said the last year has been a reminder that justice requires vigilance. “I think we presumed that we had made a lot of gains with respect to racial equity and justice in our nation, and we got lulled into this false sense that we had moved to a certain point in our collective understanding,” she said. “But this year has taught me that the justice my ancestors and mother and father and grandfather fought for requires eternal vigilance.”
‘It has to do with trust:’ Outreach on COVID vaccine begins in communities of color
CT Mirror online
A day after the state’s vaccine advisory panel met in October for the first time, Sen. Douglas McCrory, D-Hartford, scheduled a virtual discussion on immunizations and trust in African American communities. Wizdom Powell, director of the Health Disparities Institute at UConn Health and a member of the advisory group, made plain the concerns arising from people of color. “What we are bearing witness to, in terms of heightened levels of mistrust in Black and brown communities, is rooted in an unfortunate reality, and that is a history of medical malice and experimentation,” she said. “We are still dealing with those experiences in a real way. And I can’t imagine that the situation we find ourselves in today, having to roll out a new vaccine, isn’t ringing those historical alarms.”
Policy makers and medical professionals say they are ready to address COVID-19 vaccine racial disparities
Hartford Courant print
Once a vaccine is widely available, it may be met with mistrust by some Black Americans, who have endured generations of racist treatment by the medical establishment, said Dr. Wizdom A. Powell, the director of the Health Disparities Institute at UConn Health and a professor. “What we are bearing witness to ... is rooted in an unfortunate reality,'' Powell said, "and that is a history of medical malice and experimentation that dates back not just to Tuskegee and the infamous study of untreated syphilis and Negro males but rooted in a series of medical exploitation committed against people who had less power than those who had power over them.''
Politics slows flow of US virus funds to local public health
Associated Press online
The winding path federal money takes as it makes its way to states and cities also could exacerbate the stark economic and health inequalities in the U.S. if equity isn’t considered in decision-making, said Wizdom Powell, director of the University of Connecticut Health Disparities Institute. “Problems are so vast you could unintentionally further entrench inequities just by how you distribute funds,” Powell said.
‘A missed opportunity:’ Lawmakers won’t take up broader health equity proposals in special session
CT Mirror online
But absent from their agenda are broader health equity proposals that have resurfaced amid the coronavirus pandemic and protests in the wake of George Floyd’s death. Advocates say state leaders are missing a crucial opportunity to address health reforms that have long been needed. “We’re at a critical precipice,” said Wizdom Powell, director of the Health Disparities Institute at UConn Health.“There’s a window opening for bold reforms. These moments don’t come that often for us as a nation or state, and I would hope that we would capitalize on them to make the necessary structural changes that would truly advance health equity.”
Racial disparities persist in Connecticut’s COVID-19 outbreak, prompting concern about effects of potential second wave
Hartford Courant print
But Wizdom Powell, director of the Health Disparities Institute at UConn Health, warns that education, while important, isn’t enough. “Health education is critical and necessary to moving the needle on outcomes, but it is not the only lever we should be using,” Powell said. “If we don’t disrupt the cycles of structural disadvantage that give rise to disparities in the first place, we can’t educate our way out of this issue.”
Communities must work together to lessen disparities
Victoria Advocate online
The disproportionate impact on communities of color is not the result of biological underpinnings, behavioral failings or moral failings, said Dr. Wizdom Powell, director of the Health Disparities Institute at the University of Connecticut. “What is actually happening is that it is the conditions where racial and ethnic minorities find themselves living, working, playing, praying, getting their education and getting health care that puts them at higher risk,” she said. “These are longstanding, systemic issues.”
Race is not the reason Black Americans have a higher risk of dying from the coronavirus. It's racism.
Business Insider online
Wizdom Powell, Director of the Health Disparities Institute at UConn Health, told Business Insider there are serious ramifications of this misunderstanding. "If you promote an idea that biology or genetics are solely driving a problem, and if that problem is located in the bodies of stigmatized or other populations, then, really, the empathy disappears. And when empathy disappears policies to address and bridge those disparities also disappear."
White Shame: How to Convert Guilt into Action
"At a deep subconscious level, America is ashamed, and shame operates in really weird and insidious ways, interpersonally and structurally," Wizdom Powell, a psychologist and professor at the University of Connecticut who studies population health disparities, tells Inverse. "America does not want to confront it collectively, because it's a mirror and it's hard to hold up that mirror and look at it," Powell says. "But if we don't, then we're going to continue to visit the same river twice."
Amid the protests and pandemic, a renewed call for health equity reform
CT Mirror online
As state officials consider reforms to curb and prevent police brutality, the protests that have flared up nationwide since the death of George Floyd and the inequities exposed by the COVID-19 pandemic have laid bare the need to also address structural racism in the public health system, advocates say. “As we’ve been watching the protests that have erupted across our country in response to the killing of George Floyd and others, we know now that even in the midst of the pandemic, structural racism and the racism that shows up as people navigate social space are still alive and well,” said Wizdom Powell, director of the Health Disparities Institute at UConn Health. “We’ve long been arguing for a systems change around health care access and insurance.”
Beyond protests: Five more ways to channel anger into action to fight racism
"There are so many ways young people can use their talent and gifts," says Gipson. On social media, we see examples of artists, from painters to jewelry makers, selling their wares and giving proceeds to an organization pushing for change. "I love that idea," says Wizdom Powell, a psychologist and associate professor who directs the Health Disparities Institute at the University of Connecticut. "The idea here is to leverage your gifts and leverage your privilege, because we all have some of that," Powell says.
Doctors Clarify Why Racism against Black Americans is a Public Health Crisis
Wizdom Powell, a psychology professor at the University of Connecticut who has studied population health disparities, puts it this way: "There is substantial evidence to suggest and to affirm that racism is a public health problem," Powell tells Inverse. Covid-19 and the deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, Ahmaud Arbery and others have brought this idea into the "mainstream understanding," Powell explains. But the idea that racism is a public health issue is not a new idea.
Your Anger is Healthy (Especially Right Now), According to a Psychologist
Well + Good online
In the wake of the death of George Floyd, and in response to the deaths of many Black people killed under similar circumstances, anger is boiling over. Protests have erupted throughout the world, with some resulting in actions like looting and property destruction. Amid calls for a more peaceful response, clinical psychologist Wizdom Powell, PhD, explains that anger isn’t just healthy, it is a logical reaction to an unjust killing.
As coronavirus testing expands to Hartford’s vulnerable communities, advocates see chance to mend decades of mistrust
Hartford Courant print
In some ways, the pandemic could be a turning point for communities like Northeast Hartford, if providers rise to the challenge of health equity in ways they haven’t always done for vulnerable people, said Wizdom Powell, director of the Health Disparities Institute at the University of Connecticut. There’s no better time to confront peoples’ reservations or concerns about health care than when they need it most, she said this week. “Mistrust is not immutable. We can do something about it," she said Thursday. "“The truth is, most folks are incredibly anxious about testing positive but we would rather know.”
Preliminary Data Raise Questions About Coronavirus Risks For Connecticut Residents Of Color
As the COVID-19 outbreak continues to spread in Connecticut, advocates and experts warn that a lack of accurate data on how this pandemic is affecting already marginalized groups of people could have serious short-term consequences and far-reaching outcomes. “Without these data, we have no way to design the systems to respond, or to gauge how COVID-19 is affecting those who are most medically vulnerable, particularly people of color, and consequently no way to track progress,” said Wizdom Powell, director of the Health Disparities Institute at UConn Health.
Black Men Have Shorter Lives Than White Men. Here’s How We Can Change That.
Huffington Post online
Dr. Wizdom Powell, author of the report and chair of the APA committee studying health disparities in boys and men from underserved populations, told HuffPost that health disparities are often viewed to be rooted in individuals’ own failure to lead a healthy lifestyle. But her team’s analysis shows how multiple social factors compound and give rise to negative health outcomes for men of color, which they defined as non-Hispanic Blacks, Latinos, Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islander and American Indian/Alaska Native.
Why It's So Hard To Reach Males In Need Of Mental Healthcare
wshu Public Radio radio
That’s not necessarily unusual because men and boys often don’t interact with the mental health systems in this country. That’s what Dr. Wizdom Powell has found. Powell is a clinical psychologist and the director of the Health Disparities Institute at UConn Health. She recently sat down with Morning Edition Host Tom Kuser to discuss her work and why it's so difficult to reach males in need of mental healthcare and support.
Jay Z Is The Mental Health Role Model Men Need
Wizdom Powell, PhD, MPH, director of the Health Disparities Institute at University of Connecticut Health and associate professor of psychiatry, says that men, and particularly boys and men of color, are generally discouraged from seeking any kind of help at all — let alone help with mental health issues. "Men are socialized from a very early age to deny bodily signs and symptoms, to minimize psychological distress," she says. "If you believe that you’re supposed to be a certain kind of macho man, and you’re unable to consistently be that or reflect that in the world, then you have an inner conflict, and there’s a discrepancy between what the world wants and what you want to be. That creates a turmoil around help-seeking."
My wife had a baby, and I started thinking about suicide. A psychiatrist’s diagnosis surprised me.
Wizdom Powell has discussed the physiological consequences of “masculinity norms” that make it difficult for men to ask for or receive mental health care. But repressed issues can rebound at later times with greater severity. She suggests that men who rigidly adhere to such hardcore ideas of masculinity may suffer from higher rates of depression.
Black men with depression are being failed by mental health care
Business Insider online
"We know that traditional role expectations are that men will restrict their emotions or 'take stress like a man,'" study author and assistant professor of health behavior at UNC's School of Public Health Wizdom Powell Hammond said in a statement. "However, the more tightly some men cling to these traditional role norms, the more likely they are to be depressed."
Event Appearances (3)
Disrupting the single story: How whole truths help to build more sustainable health equity agendas
University of Connecticut, Health Disparities Institute Hartford, CT
They can't breathe: Neighborhoods, racial-profiling, and the health of young adult African American men
Society for General Internal Medicine Hollywood, FL
They can't breathe: How neighborhoods impact masculinity enactment and substance abuse risk among African American men.
Penn State's 23rd Annual Symposium on Family Issues State College, PA
Bones in our basements: Addressing COVID-19 and incarcerationMedical News Today
COVID-19 has claimed the lives of more than 900 people housed in state and federal prisons in the United States. The Marshall Project indicates that more than 100,000 people in carceral settings have received a diagnosis of COVID-19. However, epidemiologists (people who study the outbreaks of diseases) warn that data collection gaps and inconsistencies contribute to a gross underestimation of the impact that COVID-19 has on justice-involved individuals, especially those housed in our nation’s jails.
This Father's Day I'm grieving with Black children who have lost their fathers to police brutality. Here's why you should also mourn — and how to support them.Business Insider
Children around the world celebrate their fathers today. But in some households, this Father's Day feels different. I imagine that Father's Day feels devastatingly different for Gianna Floyd, daughter of George Floyd and the numbers of children who have recently lost Black fathers to police violence. These children have had their fathers — and therefore a joyful Father's Day — forcibly taken. According to data compiled by statista.com, there has been a sharp rise in the number of fatal police shootings — most of which have been among Black Americans. In fact, this uptick in fatal police shootings is underscored by research from Harvard population health scientist, Dr. Nancy Krieger. Dr. Krieger and her colleagues examined data from five major cities and found that Black men were significantly more likely to be killed than White men over the past 50 years.
Why we need to be talking about health equity during the coronavirus pandemicHartford Courant
Wizdom Powell and Tekisha Dwan Everette
Although the continued spread of COVID-19 is inevitable, worsening structural inequities and health disparities in its aftermath are not. The global COVID-19 pandemic has laid bare striking deficiencies in our nation’s health care systems. As we develop statewide COVID-19 responses, we need to ask ourselves who is being left behind and how this pandemic might alter economic, health, and social outcomes down the road.
Public Mistrust of the U.S. Health Care System's Profit Motives: Mixed-Methods Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.Journal of General Internal Medicine
Richmond, Jennifer; Powell, Wizdom; Maurer, Maureen; Mangrum, Rikki; Gold, Marthe R; Pathak-Sen, Ela; Yang, Manshu; Carman, Kristin L.
Decision makers are increasingly tasked with reducing health care costs, but the public may be mistrustful of these efforts. Public deliberation helps gather input on these types of issues by convening a group of diverse individuals to learn about and discuss values-based dilemmas.
Being There in Spirit, Fire, and Mind: Expressive Roles Among Nonresidential African American FathersSAGE Journals
Wizdom Powell, et. al
Objective: This exploratory qualitative study examined factors contributing to expressive father role negotiation, salience, and commitment in a sample of nonresidential African American fathers (n = 18). Method: Two focus groups were conducted between 2000 and 2001 in a Midwestern city to understand factors that strengthen and diminish bonds between nonresidential African American fathers and their sons. Results: Results indicate that nonresidential fathers deepened their expressive role commitment by reflecting on socioemotional voids in their paternal relationships and negotiating role strains produced as they weighed giving time versus giving money. Conclusions: Findings support the need to foster expressive role commitment among nonresidential African American fathers as a strategy for enhancing child involvement. Social work research, interventions, and practice implications are discussed.
Antihypertensive medication non-adherence in Black men: Direct and mediating effects of depressive symptoms, psychosocial stressors and alcohol misuse.The Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Cene, C.W., Dennison, C.R., Hammon, W.P. Kim, M.T., Levine, M., Bone, L.R., Hill, M.
Black men suffer disproportionately from hypertension. Antihypertensive medication nonadherence is a major contributor to poor blood pressure control, yet few studies consider how psychosocial functioning may impact black men's medication adherence. The authors examined the direct and mediating pathways between depressive symptoms, psychosocial stressors, and substance use on antihypertensive medication nonadherence in 196 black men enrolled in a clinical trial to improve hypertension care and control. The authors found that greater depressive symptoms were associated with more medication nonadherence (β=0.05; standard error [SE], 0.01; P
"Taking it like a man!": Masculine role norms as moderators of the racial discrimination-depressive symptoms association among African American men.American Journal of Public Health
I examined the association between everyday racial discrimination and depressive symptoms and explored the moderating role of 2 dimensions of masculine role norms, restrictive emotionality and self-reliance.
“It's The Skin You're In”: African-American Women Talk About Their Experiences of Racism. An Exploratory Study to Develop Measures of Racism for Birth Outcome StudiesPMC
Amani Nuru-Jeter, Tyan Parker Dominguez, Wizdom Powell Hammond, Janxin Leu, Marilyn Skaff, Susan Egerter, Camara P. Jones, and Paula Braveman
Stress due to experiences of racism could contribute to African-American women's adverse birth outcomes, but systematic efforts to measure relevant experiences among childbearing women have been limited. We explored the racism experiences of childbearing African-American women to inform subsequent development of improved measures for birth outcomes research.