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If a Lie group acts on a manifold freely and properly, pulling back by the quotient map gives an isomorphism between the differential forms on the quotient manifold and the basic differential forms upstairs. We show that this result remains true for actions that are not necessarily free nor proper, as long as the identity component acts properly, where on the quotient space we take differential forms in the diffeological sense.
A key result in equivariant symplectic geometry is Delzant's classification of compact connected symplectic toric manifolds. The moment map induces an embedding of the quotient of the manifold by the torus action into the dual of the Lie algebra of the torus; its image is a unimodular ("Delzant") polytope; this gives a bijection between unimodular polytopes and isomorphism classes of compact connected symplectic toric manifolds.
Given a symplectic manifold, we ask in how many different ways can a torus act on it. Classification theorems in equivariant symplectic geometry can sometimes tell that two Hamiltonian torus actions are inequivalent, but often they do not tell whether the underlying symplectic manifolds are (non-equivariantly) symplectomorphic.
A symplectic manifold that is obtained from the complex projective plane by k blowups is encoded by k+1 parameters: the size of the initial complex projective plane, and the sizes of the blowups. We determine which values of these parameters yield symplectomorphic manifolds.
We construct all possible Hamiltonian torus actions for which all the non-empty reduced spaces are two dimensional (and not single points) and the manifold is
connected and compact, or, more generally, the moment map is proper as a map to a convex set.