Researchers at Rensselaer Can Now 3D Print Skin With Working Blood Vessels

Researchers at Rensselaer Can Now 3D Print Skin With Working Blood Vessels Researchers at Rensselaer Can Now 3D Print Skin With Working Blood Vessels

January 16, 20202 min read
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Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a way to 3D print living skin, complete with blood vessels. The advancement, published online in Tissue Engineering Part A, is a significant step toward creating grafts that are more like the skin our bodies produce naturally.



“Right now, whatever is available as a clinical product is more like a fancy Band-Aid,” said Pankaj Karande, an associate professor of chemical and biological engineering and member of the Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS), who led this research at Rensselaer. “It provides some accelerated wound healing, but eventually it just falls off; it never really integrates with the host cells.” 


A significant barrier to that integration has been the absence of a functioning vascular system in the skin grafts.


Karande has been working on this challenge for several years, previously publishing one of the first papers showing that researchers could take two types of living human cells, make them into “bio-inks,” and print them into a skin-like structure. Since then, he and his team have been working with researchers from Yale School of Medicine to incorporate vasculature.


In this paper, the researchers show that if they add key elements — including human endothelial cells, which line the inside of blood vessels, and human pericyte cells, which wrap around the endothelial cells — with animal collagen and other structural cells typically found in a skin graft, the cells start communicating and forming a biologically relevant vascular structure within the span of a few weeks. 


“As engineers working to recreate biology, we’ve always appreciated and been aware of the fact that biology is far more complex than the simple systems we make in the lab,” Karande said. “We were pleasantly surprised to find that, once we start approaching that complexity, biology takes over and starts getting closer and closer to what exists in nature.”


You can watch Pankaj Karande, associate professor of chemical and biological engineering, explain this research here:



Pankaj Karande is an associate professor of chemical and biological engineering and member of the Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS) at Rensselaer. He is available to speak with media regarding this latest development – simply click on his icon to arrange an interview.




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  • Pankaj Karande
    Pankaj Karande Associate Professor, Chemical and Biological Engineering

    Focuses on engineering peptides as novel drugs, drug carriers, affinity agents, and biomaterials for medical applications

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