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Gary M. Atkinson, Ph.D. - VCU College of Engineering. Richmond, VA, US

Gary M. Atkinson, Ph.D.

Associate Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering | VCU College of Engineering


Professor Atkinson specializes in microelectromechanical systems


Industry Expertise (4)

Computer Hardware




Areas of Expertise (6)

Microelectromechanical Systems


Smart materials

Micro and Nanofabrication

Energy Conversion Devices

Sensors Actuators and Transducers

Education (3)

University of California: Ph.D., Electrical Engineering 1985

University of California: M.S., Electrical Engineering 1982

Cornell University: B.S., Electrical Engineering 1980

Media Appearances (2)

Minty startup tackles pest problem

Richmond BizSense  


The "No Mouse in the House" mouse ball, is a new local mouse repellent product, dreamed up by a local entrepreneur and VCU professor, Gary Atkinson. The patented mouse ball relies on the noxious characteristics of highly concentrated peppermint oil, which is highly irritating to rodents, yet, all natural. The patented mouse ball contains a peppermint reservoir, a wicking system to let off the peppermint vapor, and is designed to be bottom heavy. To keep mice away, you can simply toss or roll the "mouse ball" into the holes and spaces where mice could enter, even if they are hard to reach. The bottom heavy ball rights itself and begins dispersing the noxious vapor and that keeps mice from entering that location. You can keep mice out of your house by simply deploying a mouse ball anywhere they could enter, The reservoir and wicking system keeps the product active for up to 6 months

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Biz Buzz: A new way to keep the mice away

Richmond Times-Dispatch  


A local startup, SimpleTEK LLC has been launched by VCU professor, Gary Atkinson and a local entrepreneur. SimpleTek manufactures and distributes their own patented "Mouse Ball" here in Richmond, VA. Located in the Scott's Addition neighborhood, the product is manufactured entirely in the U.S. with American made parts. The facility in Scott's Addition houses the manufacturing, assembly and testing facilities and the product is available on the "No Mouse in the House" website and Amazon.

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Selected Articles (5)

Design Evaluation for Performance Characteristics of a Novel Valveless Micropump

Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering

2010 A novel valveless micropump consisting of three nozzle/diffuser elements with vibrating membranes at sidewalls has been investigated. The performance characteristics of the micropump were analyzed using commercial software, FLUENT. The simulation results showed that movement of membranes combined with the rectification behavior of three nozzle/diffuser elements can minimize backflow and improve net flow in one direction. The average flow rate from the micropump increased when the maximum membrane displacement and frequency increased. However, the average flow rate from the micropump decreased when pressure head increased. Based on its performance characteristics, the micropump is feasible and suitable to fabricate for practical applications.

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Competing D’yakonov–Perel’ and Elliott–Yafet spin relaxation in germanium

Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures

2010 In most technologically important semiconductors, the two main spin relaxation mechanisms are the D’yakonov–Perel’ (DP) and the Elliott–Yafet (EY) modes. In the former, the spin relaxation rate increases, while in the latter it decreases, with increasing carrier mobility. Accordingly, the DP mode should dominate in high-mobility samples and the EY mode in low-mobility ones. We have carried out experiments in high-mobility bulk and low-mobility nanowire samples of germanium and found that indeed the DP mode dominates in the high-mobility samples and the EY mode in the low-mobility ones. The DP relaxation time was found to be three orders of magnitude shorter than the EY relaxation time. This suggests that low-mobility samples may be preferable for some spintronic applications.

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Combinatorial Mapping of Substrate Step Edge Effects on Diblock Copolymer Thin Film Morphology and Orientation

Macromolecular Rapid Communications

2010 We have used a combinatorial gradient technique to map precisely how the terrace structure and microdomain lattice alignment in a thin film of a sphere-forming diblock copolymer are affected by both the thickness of the copolymer film and the height of a series of parallel step edges fabricated on the substrate. We find that for film thicknesses slightly incommensurate with integer numbers of sphere layers, the step edges act as nucleation sites for regions with one more or one fewer layers of spheres. We also find that for our system, the hexagonal lattice formed by a single layer of spheres on the low side of a step edge is aligned along the direction of the step edge only where the film on the high side is sufficiently thin to support only a wetting layer of copolymer material. This work will guide the tuning of film thickness and step height in future studies and applications of graphoepitaxy in block copolymer films.

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Orthogonal Frequency Coded SAW Sensors for Aerospace SHM Applications

IEEE Sensors Journal

2009 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) aeronautical programs require structural health monitoring (SHM) to ensure the safety of the crew and the vehicles. Future SHM sensors need to be small, lightweight, inexpensive, and wireless. Orthogonal frequency coded (OFC) surface acoustic wave (SAW) reflectors and transducers have been recently introduced for use in communication, as well as in sensor and radio-frequency identification (RFID) tag applications (Malocha , 2004, Puccio , 2004). The OFC SAW technology approach has been investigated by NASA for possible inclusion in ground, space flight, and space exploration sensor applications. In general, SAW technology has advantages over other potentially competitive technologies, because the devices can operate in ranges from cryogenic to furnace temperature. SAW devices can also be small, rugged, passive, wireless, and radiation hard and can operate with variable frequency and bandwidth. SAW sensor embodiments can provide onboard device sensor integration or can provide integration with an external sensor that uses the SAW device for encoding the sensor information and transmission to the receiver. SAW OFC device technology can provide RFID tags and sensors with low loss, large operating temperatures, and a multiuse sensor platform. This paper will discuss the key parameters for OFC device design, which includes reflector and transducer design, coding diversity approaches, and insertion loss considerations. Examples of several OFC device sensors and RFID tags are presented to show the current state-of-the-art performance for several NASA applications. Projections for future sensor and RFID tag platform performance are discussed, along with some of the current challenges and issues of the technology.

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Alignment of spherical block copolymer microdomains with substrate features: effects of step edge height and film thickness

American Physical Society

2007 Diblock copolymers can be used as templates for nanolithography, but some applications would require at least local alignment and registration of copolymer microdomains with other features on a particular device. We present here the results of a systematic study of the alignment of spherical microdomains with step edges on a substrate as a function of both step edge height and polymer film thickness. The investigation used a combinatorial approach: we prepared a wafer with a series of step edges of a continuous range of heights along one direction, and applied a polymer film with a thickness gradient along the orthogonal direction. At polymer film thicknesses that are incommensurate with a single layer of microdomains, for which we expect the spontaneous formation of "islands'' or "holes'' of one commensurate thickness surrounded by another, the step edge acts as a nucleation site for boundaries between such regions, with the film on the high side of the step edge having fewer layers of spheres than the low side. We find that at some step heights, such a discontinuity in film morphology across the step edge is closely associated with the alignment of microdomains.

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