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Hiba  Baroud - Vanderbilt University. Nashville, TN, US

Hiba Baroud Hiba  Baroud

Assistant Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering | Vanderbilt University

Nashville, TN, UNITED STATES

Expert in risk, reliability and resilience of critical infrastructure against climate change and natural disasters, particularly flooding.

Spotlight

Biography

Dr. Hiba Baroud is an assistant professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and the Littlejohn Dean's Faculty Fellow. Her work explores data analytics and statistical methods to measure and analyze the risk, reliability, and resilience in critical infrastructure systems. In particular, she has studied data-driven Bayesian methods to predict the occurrence of disruptive events in infrastructure systems and stochastically model the recovery process of the physically disrupted system as well as other interdependent and indirectly impacted systems. She also developed decision analysis tools to assess different preparedness and recovery investment strategies for the protection of civil infrastructures.

Baroud holds a Ph.D. in Industrial and Systems Engineering from the University of Oklahoma. She has a Master of Mathematics from the Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science at the University of Waterloo where she focused in her research on the application of statistics, particularly time series models, to analyze Dr. Hiba Baroud is an assistant professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and the Littlejohn Dean's Faculty Fellow. Her work explores data analytics and statistical methods to measure and analyze the risk, reliability, and resilience in critical infrastructure systems. In particular, she has studied data-driven Bayesian methods to predict the occurrence of disruptive events in infrastructure systems and stochastically model the recovery process of the physically disrupted system as well as other interdependent and indirectly impacted systems. She also developed decision analysis tools to assess different preparedness and recovery investment strategies for the protection of civil infrastructures.

Dr. Baroud holds a Ph.D. in Industrial and Systems Engineering from the University of Oklahoma. She has a Master of Mathematics from the Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science at the University of Waterloo where she focused in her research on the application of statistics, particularly time series models, to analyze financial data. Prior to that, she obtained her B.S. in Actuarial Science from Notre Dame University, Lebanon.

Areas of Expertise (12)

Climate Change

Flood Mitigation

Natural Disasters

Resilience Modeling

Interdependent Systems Data Analytics

Critical Infrastructure Modeling

Risk Analysis

Risk-informed decision analysis

Statistical Modeling

Climate and Climate Change

Disaster Recovery

Flooding

Accomplishments (3)

Fall 2019 Chancellor's Public Voices Fellow (professional)

A semester-long program designed to expand Vanderbilt University’s global reach by amplifying the impact of faculty academic research.

Best Paper Award in the Homeland Security Track

Best Paper Award in the Homeland Security Track of the Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference.

Student Merit Award

Engineering and Infrastructure Specialty Group of the Society for Risk Analysis

Education (3)

University of Oklahoma: Ph.D.

University of Waterloo: M.Math.

Notre Dame University: B.S.

Affiliations (6)

  • American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
  • Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)
  • Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS)
  • International Society for Bayesian Analysis (ISBA)
  • Institute for Industrial Engineers (IIE)
  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Selected Media Appearances (10)

Nigeria was already facing a food crisis – then flooding hit

The Telegraph  online

2022-10-25

Hiba Baroud, associate professor of civil and environmental engineering at Vanderbilt University, said: “[Food insecurity] is already an existing problem and so having the floodwater submerge all this farmland will lead to a major loss of food production for this season and also for future seasons.

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Nigeria's flooding spreads to the Delta, upending lives and livelihoods

Reuters  online

2022-10-20

"Climate change is playing a big role in this," said Hiba Baroud, associate professor of civil and environmental engineering at Vanderbilt University. "But the other component is...the vulnerability of the infrastructure. This is how we end up in a disaster like this one."

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Three Ways to Build Back Smarter After Hurricane Ian

The New York Times  

2022-10-03

Yet future resilience will very likely require a combination of both hard and soft shoreline defenses, said Hiba Baroud, who teaches civil and environmental engineering at Vanderbilt University.

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Severe weather events here to stay in Tennessee thanks to climate change

NewsChannel 5  tv

2022-01-19

Vanderbilt University Civil Engineer Assistant Professor Hiba Baroud invested much of her career as a civil engineer trying to prepare cities for changes ahead. "We are interested in understanding how infrastructure and people react and respond, behave during disasters. And these disasters happen as a result of a hazard which is the natural hazard, in that case, that is the weather, but also, it's when that natural hazard intersects with our vulnerability as people or the vulnerability of infrastructure when it's not well maintained. [The] intersection of these two can lead to a disaster," she explained.

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How Government Decisions Left Tennessee Exposed to Deadly Flooding

New York Times  online

2021-08-26

“These extreme weather events will become more intense and more frequent,” said Hiba Baroud, a professor of civil and environmental engineering at Vanderbilt University in Nashville who specializes in resilience. “We need to be more proactive, and think about ways to prevent or at least mitigate the impact of these events.”

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In aftermath of devastating floods, Germans wonder what more could have been done

The Washington Post  online

2021-07-20

Hiba Baroud, an assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at Vanderbilt University, said that early-warning systems and evacuation plans are “crucial” to saving lives during extreme weather events, especially storms and floods, but they need to constantly evolve.

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More dams will collapse as aging infrastructure can’t keep up with climate change

CNBC  online

2020-05-21

“A lot of the country’s infrastructure systems were built during a time when these kind of weather events were considered rare and didn’t present a significant threat,” said Hiba Baroud, a professor of civil and environmental engineering at Vanderbilt University.

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‘Everything is gone’: Japan left reeling from worst storm in decades

The Independent  online

2019-10-19

“Economic impact in disasters can quickly cascade through different sectors of the economy,” says Hiba Baroud, a professor of civil and environmental engineering at Vanderbilt University. “Production can be affected either by direct impact from the disaster or through interdependent effects resulting from disruptions in the supply chain. “Local and national authorities need to account for all these aspects in assessing the damage to identify the best recovery strategy for the city.”

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Japan Questions Flooding Defenses After Severe Weekend Typhoon

The Wall Street Journal  online

2019-10-15

“Warmer ocean temperatures and higher sea level are expected to intensify the impact of extreme weather events such as hurricanes and typhoons,” said Hiba Baroud, an assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at Vanderbilt University. She said, however, that researchers don’t know yet whether the number of hurricanes is increasing.

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Florida bridge that collapsed was touted as 'engineering feat come to life'

ABC News  online

2018-03-15

Hiba Baroud, an assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at Vanderbilt University, does not have specific knowledge of the bridge that collapsed in Miami but told ABC News that there are "a number of reasons why a bridge might fail." "At this point, we would have to have a plan to go back and look at the design parameters that were used to design this bridge," Baroud told ABC News.

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Selected Articles (3)

Selecting indicators for assessing community sustainable resilience

Risk Analysis

Leslie Gillespie‐Marthaler, Katherine Nelson, Hiba Baroud, Mark Abkowitz

2019 "Communities are complex systems subject to a variety of hazards that can result in significant disruption to critical functions. Community resilience assessment is rapidly gaining popularity as a means to help communities better prepare for, respond to, and recover from disruption."

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A Bayesian kernel approach to modeling resilience-based network component importance

Elsevier

Hiba Baroud and Kash Barker

2018 "The resilience of infrastructure networks is an increasingly important consideration in infrastructure planning and risk management. One aspect of resilience-based planning is determining which components in the network are most important to the resilience of the network."

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Static and Dynamic Resource Allocation Models for Recovery of Interdependent Systems: Application to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

Annals of Operations Research

MacKenzie, C. A., Baroud, H., & Barker, K.

2016 "Determining where and when to invest resources during and after a disruption can challenge policy makers and homeland security officials. Two decision models, one static and one dynamic, are proposed to determine the optimal resource allocation to facilitate the recovery of impacted industries after a disruption where the objective is to minimize the production losses due to the disruption."

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