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Jonathan Hiskey - Vanderbilt University. Nashville, TN, US

Jonathan Hiskey Jonathan Hiskey

Associate Chair of Political Science | Vanderbilt University

Nashville, TN, UNITED STATES

Expert on Latin American politics and Latin American migration.

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Crime, Not Money, Drives Migration From El Salvador and Honduras

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Biography

Jonathan Hiskey is Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of Graduate Studies at Vanderbilt University. Hiskey received his Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh in 1999, winning the 2001 American Political Science Association's Gabriel A. Almond award for best dissertation in comparative politics. After spending five years at the University of California-Riverside, he joined Vanderbilt in 2005. His research interests center on local development processes in Latin America during times of political and economic reform. In particular, much of his research has focused on the development consequences of Latin America's uneven political and economic transitions over the past thirty years, with a particular interest in Mexico. More recently, Hiskey has carried out research on the political implications of migration for sending communities across Latin America. He is the author of articles in such journals as the American Journal of Political Science, British Journal of Political Science, Comparative Politics, Electoral Studies and the Latin American Research Review. Most recently, Hiskey was a contributor and co-editor of a special volume of the Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science entitled "Continental Divides: International Migration in the Americas" (July 2010).

Areas of Expertise (9)

Honduras

Guatemala

Migration

Crime in Latin America

Immigration

Latin American Politics

Latin America

Migrant Crisis

El Salvador

Education (4)

University of Pittsburgh: Ph.D., Political Science 1999

Dissertation: Does Democracy Matter? Electoral Competition and Local Development in Mexico
Winner of 2001 Gabriel A. Almond award by American Political Science Association for best
dissertation in comparative politics, 1999-2000

University of Pittsburgh: M.A., Political Science 1995

Florida International University: M.A., International Studies 1993

Graduate Certificate, Latin American and Caribbean Studies

University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill: B.A., International Studies and Spanish 1989

Affiliations (5)

  • American Political Science Association
  • Latin American Studies Association
  • Southern Political Science Association
  • Southwestern Political Science Association
  • Midwest Political Science Association

Selected Media Appearances (6)

Is there a crisis at the US-Mexico border? 6 essential reads

The Conversation  online

2019-01-08

For three years, first as a presidential candidate, then as president of the United States, Donald Trump has insisted that the country must stem immigration by building a wall along its southern border – an expensive gambit that few Americans support and that Democratic lawmakers virulently oppose.

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Border Measures Part of Trump’s Bigger Immigration Crackdown

Voice of America  online

2018-07-14

They also questioned whether detention would stop migrants from heading north. Jonathan Hiskey, a political science professor at Vanderbilt University, said research has shown that efforts to deter immigration might dissuade some job seekers from heading north but not those fleeing violence like gang killings in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras.

Hiskey conducted research during the surge in Central American migration in 2014 and said while many knew it was tougher to make it to the United States, those who were crime victims still planned to try. And the prospect of being detained upon arrival — something the Obama administration tried with family detention centers — wouldn’t stop them.

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The Changing Face of Illegal Border Crossings

Wall Street Journal  online

2018-07-13

In the early 2000s, millions of undocumented Mexicans crossed the U.S. border in search of work.

Nearly two decades later, border crossings look remarkably different. The number of Mexicans has plummeted. Other countries are now the source of most undocumented immigrants. And their motivation for taking the risk is different.

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The face of Latin American migration is rapidly changing. US policy isn’t keeping up

The Conversation  online

2017-04-05

A fundamental shift in U.S. immigration patterns is well underway.

Recent rhetoric from President Donald Trump and the focus of U.S. immigration policies suggest that Mexicans entering the U.S. without authorization are the principal challenge facing policymakers. That is no longer the case. The era of Mexico as the primary source of immigrants to the U.S. appears to be coming to a close.

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What’s in a name? Migrant vs. refugee vs. illegal immigrant

MSNBC  online

2016-05-19

Jonathan Hiskey, a political science professor at Vanderbilt University, released a study earlier this year to offer an explanation of why families were fleeing their homes in the first place. To gauge the degree of their desperation, researchers asked whether two main factors would deter their travels – if Central Americans fully understood the extreme dangers of the journey and that they’re not welcome in the U.S., would they still take the risk?

“It has no impact whatsoever on their decision to migration,” Hiskey said. “It is violence, not U.S. immigration policy, that is most influencing the migration.”

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Deportation Raids Aren't Deterring Central American Families From Coming to the US

VICE  online

2016-05-19

Though these women said that they were not aware of the measures taken by the government to discourage people from migrating, immigration experts have found that even those who are aware of such penalties aren't discouraged from coming. Jonathan Hiskey, a political science professor at Vanderbilt University who surveyed 12 Honduran municipalities in 2014, found that individuals said that they were just as likely to migrate despite a heightened risk of deportation and other punishments.

"A respondent who thought it was harder to get into the US and more likely to be deported was equally likely to migrate as one who thought it was easier," Hiskey said. He found that 85 percent of respondents were aware that the risk of deportation had increased after 2013, but it made no difference to them. Instead, they said their decisions to migrate would be most influenced by crime.

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Selected Event Appearances (5)

Stacking the Deck: Political Participation in Dominant-Party Regimes

Latin American Studies Association  Lima, Peru

2017-04-29

Are All Political Attitudes Local? Uneven Democracy and Authoritarian Learning in Argentina and Mexico

American Political Science Association  Philadelphia

2016-09-01

The Refugee’s Dilemma: Violence, Migration, and the “Expedited Removal” Campaign

American Political Science Association  San Francisco

2015-09-03

“Context Matters: National Economic Development and Remittance Recipients’ Political Behavior

American Political Science Association  Washington, D.C.

2014-08-28

The Drug Wars and Democracy in Mexico: National Trends and Subnational Deviations

2014 Urban Affairs Association  San Antonio, TX

2014-03-20

Selected Articles (5)

Leaving the Devil You Know: Crime Victimization, US Deterrence Policy, and the Emigration Decision in Central America Latin American Research Review

Hiskey, Jonathan T., Abby Córdova, Mary Fran Malone, and Diana M. Orcés

2018

Following a sharp increase in the number of border arrivals from the violence-torn countries of Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras in the spring and summer of 2014, the United States quickly implemented a strategy designed to prevent such surges by enhancing its detention and deportation efforts. In this article, we examine the emigration decision for citizens living in the high-crime contexts of northern Central America.

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Severed Linkages: Distorted Accountability in Uneven Regimes Comparative Political Studies

Jonathan T. Hiskey, Mason W. Moseley

2017

Though a general consensus exists regarding the significance of perceived performance in voters’ evaluations of incumbent governments, much of the research underlying this consensus has been carried out across political systems with little internal variance in the degree of democracy. We propose that in emerging regimes, where such uniformity in terms of the territorial diffusion of democracy is not a given, characteristics of subnational political regimes can prevent electoral linkages from forming.

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Shaping Politics at Home: Cross-Border Social Ties and Local-Level Political Engagement Comparative Political Studies

Abby Córdova, Jonathan Hiskey

2015

The dramatic rise of democratic regimes around the world has coincided with an equally significant increase in migration, characterized by an unprecedented movement of people from emerging to established democracies. Through analysis of survey data from six Latin American countries, we offer an empirical evaluation of theoretical mechanisms through which migration can shape the political behaviors of non-migrants in sending nations.

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Subnational Electoral Contexts and Corruption in Mexico Journal of Politics in Latin America

Dr. Brian M. Faughnan, Dr. Jonathan T. Hiskey, Scott D. Revey

2014

Scholars of the world's most recent democratization processes have tended to focus on how national-level institutions have developed and how citizens have interpreted and responded to those developments. In this paper, we argue that the distinct subnational political environments that emerge from uneven national regime transitions are important determinants of how people view their political world.

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Democracy, Governance, and Emigration Intentions in Latin America and the Caribbean Studies in Comparative International Development

Jonathan Hiskey, Jorge Daniel Montalvo, Diana Orcés

2014

It is now clear that the global shift toward democracy in recent decades has resulted in a highly uneven democratic landscape in which the quality and performance of democracies around the world vary greatly. In an era characterized by increasingly open borders to goods, services, information, and, at times, labor, we argue that poorly performing, uneven democracies have become an important, yet underexplored, component in one’s emigration calculus.

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