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Paul Fritz - Hofstra University. Long Island, NY, US

Paul Fritz

Associate Professor of Political Science | Hofstra University


Professor Fritz specializes in international relations, with concentrations on international security and US foreign and defense policy.



Paul Fritz Publication




Foreign Policy and Debate 2016: HU Office Hours with Paul Fritz HU Office Hours: Paul Fritz News Closeup   Nuclear tensions with North Korea; Equifax hack and cyber security 04ajFzYzE6qYXC oaK




Paul Fritz (B.A. University of Dayton, 1997; Ph.D. Ohio State University, 2006) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science. Dr. Fritz specializes in international politics, security studies, international organization, and U.S. foreign and defense policy. Dr. Fritz has published in the Journal of Politics, International Interactions, Foreign Policy Analysis and other venues on alliance formation, democratic imposition, and UN Security Council reform, among other issues. He also co-edited a volume on the foreign policy of the George W. Bush administration. Currently, Dr. Fritz’s main research project examines how defeated states respond to war-ending settlements, with application to Russia in the post-Cold War era.

Dr. Fritz teaches International Politics, American Foreign Policy, Technology and Defense Policy, Terrorism in World Politics, Nuclear Weapons and International Politics and other courses. He received the Teacher of the Year award for the Kalikow School of Government, Public Policy, and International Affairs in 2019 and Hofstra University's Mentor of the Year award in 2016.

Industry Expertise (1)


Areas of Expertise (5)

Foreign Policy

Political Science


International Security

International Relations

Education (3)

Ohio State University: Ph. D., Political Science 2006

Ohio State University: M.A., Political Science 2002

University of Dayton: B.A., Political Science 1997

Media Appearances (8)

Israel-Hamas War: Answers to Questions about the Mideast Conflict

Newsday  print


Dr. Paul Fritz was interviewed by Newsday about the Israel-Hamas war and the history of conflict in that region. Dr. Fritz discussed how Hamas’ aim in the attacks on Israel may not have been military victory but prevention of the normalization of relations with some of the country’s Arab neighbors, including Saudi Arabia.

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Trump at the G20 Summit in Argentina

Fios 1 News  online


Associate Professor of Political Science Paul Fritz, PhD, spoke with Fios 1 News about expectations for the highly anticipated trade talks between President Trump and President Xi Jinping of China during the G20 summit.

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Dr. Paul Fritz on Nikki Haley Resignation

FIOS 1 News  tv


Associate Professor of Political Science Paul Fritz, PhD, discusses the resignation of UN Ambassador Nikki Haley, the latest high-profile departure from the Trump administration.

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Nuclear Tensions with North Korea

WPIX News CloseUp  tv


North Korea has been defiantly firing off missiles, threatening the world with its nuclear might. At last week's meeting of the United Nations General Assembly, President Donald Trump fired off a warning of his own. Trump said the U.S. is prepared to "totally destroy" the rogue nation if forced to defend itself or its allies. Marvin Scott speaks with political science professor Paul Fritz about the escalating nuclear tensions, the possible repercussions of these threats and whether diplomacy is still an option.

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Donald Trump 'proposing to slash US payments to UN by more than 50 per cent'

The Telegraph  


At present the US pays about $10 billion to the UN, made up of its compulsory dues and payments to individuals agencies, funds and programmes, such as peacekeeping, making it the biggest single donor. It comes at a time when the UN is dealing with a refugee crisis caused by the war in Syria and as it appeals for funds to help 20 milllion people facing starvation in Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and Nigeria. Paul Fritz, assistant professor of political science at Hofstra University, said any cuts would be almost catastrophic. “There’s more pressure on programmes like the World Food Programme and others than there has been in decades,” he said.

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Erasing Obama’s legacy may not be as easy as Trump thinks

The National  


But last week, James Mattis, the presumptive defence secretary told the senate confirmation hearing: “I think it is an imperfect arms control agreement — it’s not a friendship treaty. But when America gives her word, we have to live up to it and work with our allies.” On the other hand, said Paul Fritz, associate professor of foreign policy at Hofstra University, the outcome may depend on who has the ear of the incoming president — the hawkish General Mike Flynn, presumptive national security adviser, or Gen Mattis. “If the state department is frozen out and Mike Flynn is directing policy, which is a distinct possibility, I think Trump might be inclined to do more radical things,” Mr Fritz said.

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Paul Fritz Discusses the First Presidential Debate

timesnow.tv  online


Interview about immigration and other issues expected to emerge during first debate between Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton

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Tensions with North Korea

WPIX News Closeup  tv


Professor Paul Fritz discussed President Trump's speech at the UN General Assembly and escalating tensions between the US and North Korea.

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Articles (5)

Imposing Democracy to Ensure the Peace: The Role of Coercive Socialization

Foreign Policy Analysis


Democratic victors hoping to protect war gains by forcing the vanquished to be free must not only overcome the problems associated with imposed democracy but also ensure continued influence over and interests in the newly democratic state. To secure this dual imperative, I argue victors must coercively socialize the vanquished state. I create a framework of coercive socialization and conduct a plausibility probe of the theory by detailing the imposition strategies the United States utilized to transform the Federal Republic of Germany into a reliable democratic partner after World War II. The findings suggest imposing democracy to ensure peace and secure interests is likely to succeed only under even more limited conditions than recent scholarship on imposed democracy allows and also lend insight into why the US effort to impose democracy on Iraq is unlikely to provide the benefits policymakers sought.

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White House Studies

2011 Is expansion of the United Nations Security Council (SC) in the American interest? This essay takes up the long-standing issue by focusing on how U.S. presidents utilize the SC to examine the potential costs and benefits of SC expansion. While the current administration publicly proclaims that the long-term legitimacy of the SC hinges on the body reflecting the contemporary international distribution of power, it has been hesitant to fully embrace expansion because of concerns about the efficiency and efficacy. Examining the potential costs and benefits of expansion on these issues of governance, or how the U.S. utilizes the SC to enforce the international order embodied by the UN, it appears the effects of expansion would be mixed. That is, efficiency may decrease but the efficacy of the SC could increase in some ways. Examination of the other function of the SC -- as a loose concert of great powers -- shows the potential benefits of an expanded council much clearer. Bringing rising great powers into the SC may, in the long run, perpetuate and expand the concert dynamic of the SC that has worked fairly well since 1945 in helping to stabilize great power politics. Especially in the face of potential relative decline, an American president may thus best protect U.S. foreign policy interests by fully embracing SC expansion. Because of the powerful role of the U.S. president in the SC, the essay also takes up the issue of presidential leadership and how even a daunting task like UN Charter reform could be achieved with exemplary leadership coming out of the White House.

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Prudence in victory: The management of defeated great powers

The Ohio State University

2006 Though there is relatively little work on how states manage victory, the conventional wisdom in international relations scholarship is that moderation in victory is the only approach that will provide post-war stability. That is, defeated states should not be restricted in the post-war era, nor should the gains made by victors be too large. Otherwise, post-war stability is jeopardized. I argue that restrictive war-ending settlements tend to provide postwar stability when there is a large postwar gap in capabilities favoring the victors and those states actively enforce the settlement. When these conditions hold, postwar stability, defined as no or only minor alterations to the settlement attempted by the vanquished nation, can follow two pathways. The first is the acceptance of the restrictive settlement by the vanquished based on simple coercion, or where the defeated state is unable to challenge the settlement and thus grudgingly endures its treatment as long as the power gap favors the victors.

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Jumping on the Bandwagon: An Interest‐Based Explanation for Great Power Alliances

Journal of Politics

2004 Despite an impressive collection of classical works on the subject, little is known about the frequency or characteristics of Great Power alliance decisions to balance with the weak or bandwagon with the strong. Most works hold that balancing is the predominant Great Power alliance formation behavior, but many examples to the contrary come to mind. We clearly operationalize the concepts of balancing and bandwagoning and find that Great Powers ally with the stronger of two choices (i.e., bandwagon) more often than balance of power theory expects. We argue this surprising finding occurs because Great Powers ally based on interests, not power. We test the generalizability of our argument with a censored probit model of Great Power alliance formation on all Great Powers from 1816 to 1992.

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The (de) limitations of balance of power theory

International Interactions

2004 Balance of power theory provides an elegant explanation for great power alliance formation where states, forced to prevent the formation of hegemonic coalitions that may threaten their own security, balance against the strongest state or coalition in the system. However, history is replete with examples of great powers acting counter to the expectations of balance of power theory, and the theory itself has recently come under fire. This paper seeks the scope conditions for when great powers will balance with the weaker side.

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