William Louda's research centers on algal blooms, water quality, and how that affects microalgal communities (phytoplankton, periphyton, epiphytes etc.). Within this context and beyond, he studies photosynthetic and accessory pigments (chlorophylls, carotenoids, scytonemins, phycobilins). Pigment-based chemotaxonomy, the use of taxon-specific biomarkers to discern community structure and dynamics, is the main thrust of his research as well. Lately, he has been very involved in studying phosphorus pollution of south Florida waters from the overuse of equestrian waste in agri-businesses. Global climate change, especially rising carbon dioxide levels, is also studied as it impacts microalgal communities in both marine (“ocean acidification”) and fresh waters.
Areas of Expertise (8)
Fulbright Specialist Program
Scientific Visit to the Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sopot, Poland. June 4-19, 2011.
University of South Florida: Ph.D., Marine Science 1993
Florida Atlantic University: M.S., Biology 1978
Wright State University: B.S., Biology 1971
- American Chemical Society : Member
- Division of Geochemistry, American Chemical Society : Member
- Phi Eta Tau Scholastic Society (Wright State University), Ohio : Member-elect
- European Association of Organic Geochemists : Member
- American Institute of Chemists : Member-elect
- Florida Academy of Sciences : Member
- Environmental and Chemical Sciences Section : Chair (2000-2001)
- American Society of Limnology and Oceanography : Member
- Estuarine Research Federation : Member
- Coastal Education and Research Foundation : Member
Selected Media Appearances (1)
FAU Research Experts Available to Discuss Red Tide, Harmful Algal Blooms Affecting Florida’s Coastlines
Newswise, Inc online
Marine and environmental scientists at Florida Atlantic University are available to discuss toxic algal blooms like Microcystis (green bacteria) and Karenia brevis (red tides), as well as non-toxic blooms such as the red drift macroalgae blooms that make water unsafe for humans as well as marine animals and marine ecosystems. FAU’s research expertise spans avian ecology, wetland and marine ecosystems, seagrasses and seaweeds, coral reef ecology, marine mammal and human health, microalgae such as Sargassum, and water quality.
Selected Articles (3)
Chen W., Colon R., Louda J.W., del Rey F.R., Durham M and Rein K.S.
The Florida red tide dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis, is the major harmful algal bloom dinoflagellate of the Gulf of Mexico and plays a destructive role in the region. Blooms of K. brevis can produce brevetoxins: ladder-shaped polyether (LSP) compounds, which can lead to adverse human health effects, such as reduced respiratory function through inhalation exposure, or neurotoxic shellfish poisoning through consumption of contaminated shellfish. The endogenous role of the brevetoxins remains uncertain. Recent work has shown that some forms of NADPH dependent thioredoxin reductase (NTR) are inhibited by brevetoxin-2 (PbTx-2). The study presented herein reveals that high toxin and low toxin K. brevis, which have a ten-fold difference in toxin content, also show a significant difference in their ability, not only to produce brevetoxin, but also in their cellular redox status and distribution of xanthophyll cycle pigments. These differences are likely due to the inhibition of NTR by brevetoxin. The work could shed light on the physiological role that brevetoxin fills for K. brevis.
Cidya S. Grant, J. W. Louda
We report the structure of a novel sunscreen based on the scytoneman skeleton. This pigment, scytonemin-3a-imine, was isolated from cultures of the cyanobacterium, Scytonema hoffmani, only when grown under high to intense (300–1500+ μmol quanta m−2 s−1) light conditions, with or without added UVR (ultraviolet radiation). It was also isolated from samples of natural cyanobacterial mats growing in shallow/short hydroperiod fresh water (Florida Everglades), soils (Loxahatchee, Florida) and saline cyanobacterial mats (Eleuthera, The Bahamas). These natural samples were all growing under intense (e.g. > 1500 μmol quanta m−2 s−1) light conditions. Scytonemin-3a-imine may eventually become a biomarker for such biota.
J. William Louda, Pannee Mongkhonsri, Earl W. Baker
This report extends our previous studies by investigating oxic and anoxic alteration of chlorophyll in 13 species of microalgae incubated between 3 and 10 years. The experiments were designed to investigate the alteration of chlorophyll as cells senescence, die and decompose. They mimic the initiation of diagenesis without the intervention of (non-microbial) grazing or photochemistry.